Thursday Open Thread | Native American Music & Chants

Native American and HorsesHistory of Native American Music

Music was a prominent part of the Native American culture. The Native Americans had a tribal culture and each tribe had its own distinctive form of music. However there existed pan-tribal an intertribal genres of Native American music as well.

The music created by Native Americans was primarily based on the use of percussions accompanied by vocalization. Vocalization in this form of music took many distinct forms that included singing and chanting solo, choral, unison, responsorial and multipart.

Drums and rattles were the main percussion instruments used by the Native Americans. They helped to create a back beat for keeping a steady rhythm for the singers to keep timing. Generally the accompanying vocalization would consist of lyrics in the local language or non-lexical vocables that included sounds like chanting.

The History of the Indian War Dance

In past centuries Native Americans performed dance rituals for specific reasons. An enemy threat toward an Indian tribe led to a ceremonial gathering, where braves took part in a war dance while contemplating retaliation. The dance stirred emotions and filled the warriors with a profound sense of purpose as they prepared for battle.

Rituals & Ceremonies

Death Ceremonies – Native Americans celebrated death, knowing that it was an end to life on Earth, but, believing it to be the start of life in the Spirit World. Most tribes also believed, that the journey might be long, so after life rituals were performed to ensure that the spirits would not continued to roam the earth. Various tribes honored the dead in several ways, by giving them food, herbs, and gifts to ensure a safe journey to the after life.

The Hopi Indians believe that the soul moves along a Sky path westwards and that those who have lived a righteous life will travel with ease. However, those who haven’t will encounter suffering on their journey.

To ensure a safe journey, they wash their dead with natural yucca suds and dress them in traditional clothes.

Prayer feathers are often tied around the forehead of the deceased, and they are buried with favorite possessions and feathered prayer sticks. Traditional foods and special herbs are served and placed at the grave side.

This week let 3 Chics take you on a journey with our tribute to “FIRST NATIONS” people and Native American music. Through chants, drums, percussion, and dance, the music tells of their history of courtships, healings, meditation and spiritual rituals. With a mix of traditional, inter-tribal, and subgenre the transformative sounds and chants will definitely lift your spirits.

If you are of Native American heritage and would like to share lyrics, videos or chants, please feel free to do so. We love learning about artists, their intruments, and the contributions they’ve made to their tribes and our nation.

About SouthernGirl2

A Native Texan who adores baby kittens, loves horses, rodeos, pomegranates, & collect Eagles. Enjoys politics, games shows, & dancing to all types of music. Loves discussing and learning about different cultures. A Phi Theta Kappa lifetime member with a passion for Social & Civil Justice.
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64 Responses to Thursday Open Thread | Native American Music & Chants

  1. rikyrah says:

    Sotomayor, Kagan ready for battles

    For a quarter-century, Antonin Scalia has been the reigning bully of the Supreme Court, but finally a couple of justices are willing to face him down.
    As it happens, the two manning up to take on Nino the Terrible are women: the court’s newest members, Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan.

    The acerbic Scalia, the court’s longest-serving justice, got his latest comeuppance Wednesday morning, as he tried to make the absurd argument that Congress’s renewal of the Voting Rights Act in 2006 by votes of 98 to 0 in the Senate and 390 to 33 in the House did not mean that Congress actually supported the act. Scalia, assuming powers of clairvoyance, argued that the lawmakers were secretly afraid to vote against this “perpetuation of racial entitlement.”

    Kagan wasn’t about to let him get away with that. In a breach of decorum, she interrupted his questioning of counsel to argue with him directly. “Well, that sounds like a good argument to me, Justice Scalia,” she said. “It was clear to 98 senators, including every senator from a covered state, who decided that there was a continuing need for this piece of legislation.”

  2. rikyrah says:

    h/t zizi over at TOD:

    So as usual we have to suffer through an extended bout of Flotus Derangement Syndrome this time with black feminists insisting that First Lady quit “fun media appearances” and do something “serious for girls education”.

    My blood boiled and here’s my comment:

    This is how dweebs like the writer of the piece display their gross ignorance. Have they bothered to follow the huge mentorship program the First Lady created for girls, their education & goal-setting, the very minute she walked into the White House? No. Did the writer know that FLOTUS assembled an army of accomplished women to mentor girls — a program that was inaugurated in February 2009 at the White House with grand flourish? No. Does the writer know that the First Lady invites various groups of girls to the White House to attend workshops especially before major events and state dinners,? No.

    The fact that the First lady does these activities outside the glare of lights does not mean that she is only indulging in fun media appearances. It is precisely because of her seriousness that she would not expose these still developing young women to the paparazzi klieg lights.

    These Robin Ghivan, Courtney Milloy types should spend less time complaining about the First Lady’s imaginary inattention to “serious matters” and get themselves some community work to do!

  3. rikyrah says:

    Paul Ryan Looked America In The Eye Today, and Completely Lied About the Sequester

    By: Jason Easley
    Feb. 28th, 2013

    Rep. Paul Ryan went on CNBC today, looked straight into the camera, and completely lied about the sequester to the American people.

    On CNBC’s Squawk Box, Rep. Paul Ryan was asked if there is anything going on behind the scenes that could avert the sequester.

    Ryan answered, “As you know, the sequester was designed to force action to deal with the deficit and debt. We passed a bill 300 days ago to deal with this. As recently as December the Senate still hasn’t done anything. So I do expect the sequester to take effect, because the Senate hasn’t acted, the president is around the country campaigning instead of governing. So I think what you’ll see happen next week is we will pass an appropriations Measure that gives the administration more flexibility.”

    What Ryan didn’t bother to mention was that the bill that the House passed 300 days ago is no longer valid because that action occurred in the previous Congress. In order to replace the sequester, the House would have to pass a new bill. The problem is that John Boehner won’t allow any sequester replacement bills to come to the House floor for a vote.

  4. rikyrah says:

    Supreme Court Set to Resurrect Jim Crow

    By Bob Cesca · February 27,2013


    In early March of 1857, the Roger B. Taney Supreme Court handed down its infamous ruling on the Scott v. Sandford case, also known as the Dred Scott decision. The Supremes decided 7-2 that African American slaves weren’t citizens of the United States and therefore didn’t enjoy any constitutional protections. Easily one of the most racist actions in the history of the federal government, the Court also ruled that slave owners were protected by the personal property clause of the Fifth Amendment.

    Chief Justice Taney wrote: “[Dred Scott’s petition] would give to persons of the negro race… the right to enter every other State whenever they pleased… to sojourn there as long as they pleased, to go where they pleased …the full liberty of speech in public and in private upon all subjects upon which its own citizens might speak; to hold public meetings upon political affairs, and to keep and carry arms wherever they went.”

    The horror! “Beings of an inferior order” (Taney’s phrase) running around with, you know, freedom. In other words, the Court wouldn’t allow African Americans to enjoy the rights and privileges of being free, constitutionally-protected citizens.

    Fast forward to today, nearly 156 years to the day following the Dred Scott decision. The Court heard arguments in the Shelby County v. Holder case which challenges the Voting Rights Act, specifically Section 5 mandating that certain states attain “preclearance” or approval from the Justice Department before enacting new election laws. The wisdom behind Section 5 is quite simply that certain states with significant histories of Jim Crow laws and disenfranchisement have forfeited the power to unilaterally pass voting legislation.

    And it looks like the Court might decide to strike it down at a time when the Republican Party at the state level has been actively passing what can only be described as neo-Jim Crow legislation.

    Unsurprisingly, Antonin Scalia resurrected Taney’s Dred Scott awfulness when he described the Voting Rights Act as the “perpetuation of racial entitlement.”

    Yes, he really said that. A sitting justice on the Supreme Court of 2013 said for the record that protecting a minority’s basic right to cast a ballot is an “entitlement.” Taney argued a similar point when he wrote about entitling “inferior” African Americans with constitutional freedoms, when in fact those freedoms are all fundamental human rights.

    “Whenever a society adopts racial entitlements, it is very difficult to get out of them through the normal political processes,” he said, as if it’s urgent that the states repeal laws that protect the voting rights of citizens who have very clearly suffered through and continue to suffer through electoral disenfranchisement.

    Worse, Justice Kennedy, the swing vote, implied that the Voting Rights Act was obsolete.

    Clearly they haven’t been paying attention.

    Around 10 states have made it prohibitively difficult for as many as five million Americans without adequate financial means to vote through an array of restrictive Voter ID laws that force citizens to attain a government issued photo identification card, often with a fee attached in addition to the loss of work and transportation costs associated with acquiring the ID. What we’ve observed over the last two years are Republican lawmakers who have passed multiple forms of legislation that force Americans to get an additional license from the government in order to vote — on top of the pre-existing voter registration process.

    These new laws in effect add a second layer of government approval and regulation in order to vote (somehow regulations on guns are absolutely evil). Add into the mix the various voter purges, targeted rollbacks in early voting laws and intentionally sparse resources in minority districts resulting in prohibitively long lines, and it’s plain to see that we’re back to Jim Crow in spite of what more than half of the current Supreme Court believes.

    As I’ve repeatedly argued, the federal government ought to be taking a more active role in election laws — not less. What we witnessed last year is only the beginning if the Court kicks the Justice Department out of the process. Without non-regional, national oversight, Jim Crow laws, along with further electoral vote rigging and gerrymandering, will grow exponentially worse as minority demographics increase and white conservative men die.

    Republicans know full well that they won’t be able to survive unless they’re able to freely block the voting rights of an increasingly larger minority population. The Republicans are shameless that way. They simply don’t care how it looks — and besides, anyone who thinks what they’re up to is racist are racists themselves, or reverse racists, or whatever form of projection they feel like employing. Like Bush v. Gore before it, the Court is more than willing to irrevocably damage our electoral process by weakening one of the most important laws in American history.

  5. rikyrah says:

    Where Were White Feminists Speaking Out For Quvenzhané Wallis?
    February 28, 2013 by Kirsten West Savali

    If there were ever any doubts that white feminists are disengaged from and apathetic to the concurrent racism that Black feminists must navigate in an increasingly hipster and kyriarchal society, look no further than their deafening silence when satirical website, The Onion, called 9-year-old Quvenzhané Wallis a “cunt” on Twitter.

    The arc of white feminist dialogue on social media in the wake of the barbaric, misogynistic tweet emerged as tepid awareness – maybe, possibly, there’s racism – before curving towards the indefensible position of their white, male counterparts – it’s just brilliant satire – before ultimately coming to rest at dismissal. The lack of concern that white feminists displayed for this little, brown girl could not have been more obvious even if they donned a head scarf and said a raspy, “Ain’t nobody got time for that!” before scurrying off to chide Oscar host Seth MacFarlane for his song about boobs or the Academy for only awarding 9 out of 30 awards to women.

    Because that’s all that’s important, right?

  6. Ametia says:

    10 Things Every Non-Black Person Should Know (By Now) About Black Women

    We’re more than a decade into the 21st century. I’d hoped– in vain– that some basic understandings of how non-Black people should interact with Black people could be something I could take for granted. But no. Somehow there are “those people” who remain entirely clueless, so much so that they will call a 9-year old the c-word, or paint a white model bronze-Black, or not even, as so-called, journalists, bother to learn the pronunciation of an Oscar nominee’s name. This is unacceptable.

    Recently, I read the comments section of a post on Clutch where a male reader was baffled as how to initiate a conversation with Black women and asked for some rules. Several helpful women obliged. In the same spirit of combating ignorance, I offer rules for non-Black people to engage Black women without causing offense. If you can manage NOT to do the following, you can probably come across as a decent human being.

    Humbly, I submit a basic list, my Rules of Engagement, and ask you NOT to do the following (and encourage Black women to add to the list in the comments):

    1. Talk Bad About (Black) Kids
    It seems ridiculous that this has to be said, much less lead the list. I’d assumed everyone knew better, but apparently not. (And you know what “they say” about assuming.) Look here, dissing kids – all kids, of all races, creeds, and color is UNACCEPTABLE. You want to talk greasy about your own kids? Eh… still unacceptable. Kids are off-limits. Period.

    READ ON:

  7. Ametia says:

    Rikyrah; what say you?

    • Ametia says:

      4-year-old Marco McMillian, who was running for mayor of Clarksdale, Mississippi Democrat, was found dead on Wednesday in what authorities are investigating as a homicide, CBS News reports.

      The case is drawing extra attention in part because McMillian, who was running in an area known for its conservative politics, was both African-American and openly gay. Campaign spokesman Jarod Keith told CBS that McMillian’s campaign was noteworthy because he may have been the first openly gay man to be a viable candidate for public office in the state.

      The Gay & Lesbian Victory Fund and Institute tweeted: “Our hearts go out to the family and friends of Marco McMillian, one of the 1st viable openly (hash)LGBT candidates in Mississippi.”

      McMillian’s campaign said in a statement that words cannot describe “our grief at the loss of our dear friend.”

      Read more at CBS.

  8. Bob Woodward Feels Threatened By Girl Scouts and Puppies

    • Ametia says:

      BWA HA HA HA See you can always tell a CRAPPY journalist, because they BECOME the news, instead of reporting it.
      *looking@ubobbie whinewood*andersoncouldyoubringthecameraclosercooper!*

  9. Sacred Spirit – Vol. 1 Yeha-Noha (Chants and Dances of The Native Americans)

  10. Ametia says:

    Watching the Death Throes
    by BooMan
    Thu Feb 28th, 2013 at 09:05:32 AM EST


    In its formative stage, the Republican Party enjoyed a fairly healthy (although inherently corrupting) relationship between Wall Street industrialists who had money to invest and western states that were thirsty for infrastructure. But that wasn’t enough to get them over the top. They needed the nativists to get them there. Even as the Republican Party slowly rotated from a northern party into a southern party, the nativists never really left. All that happened is that their numbers were bolstered by the remnants of the Confederacy.

    Other things have changed. It’s appropriate that Obama’s first-term Secretary of Transportation was an Illinois Republican. The modern GOP doesn’t believe in investing in infrastructure anymore. That healthy link between Wall Street investors and the GOP is broken. Perhaps it is the square peg of nativism that broke it. Rather than being an unfortunate, yet necessary, coalition partner, the appendage became the feature. I don’t know if the nostalgia of the Know Nothings was quite as ahistorical as the nostalgia of the Tea Party, but everything else seems the same. The ahistorical feature of the modern GOP perhaps comes from the heavy dollop of Christian fundamentalism that was introduced in the 1970s and then combined with the anti-science interests of certain energy industrialists. Whatever the case, the result is a truly toxic brew.

    I didn’t think I’d be saying this two or four years ago, but I don’t think the modern Republican Party is redeemable. The signs that it is in retreat come every day, but yesterday was a particularly bad day for them.

    Sen. Jefferson Sessions of Alabama spent hours on the floor yesterday, railing against the confirmation of Jack Lew as Treasury Secretary, but in the end he could only get 24 Republican colleagues to join with him. Sen. Lindsey Graham of South Carolina was humiliated by a Milwaukee police chief during a hearing on gun violence held by the Judiciary Committee. The previously feared and revered journalist Bob Woodward was busy trashing his own reputation as he transformed himself into a Donald Trump caricature. Sean Hannity had his ass handed to him by a black Muslim congressman from Minneapolis. Justice Antonin Scalia made one of the most racist and inappropriate comments from the bench of the Supreme Court that we’ve seen in modern history. Meanwhile, the whole world is aligned in stupefaction that the GOP would rather trash the economy than make modest compromises with the president on the budget.

    There is no party left for the center-right. I think that that one will be created.


    – See more at:

  11. Ametia says:

    Over a Year Later, VAWA Has Been Renewed
    Posted on February 28, 2013 at 12:40 pm by JM Ashby

    After more than a year of contorting and finagling their way out of renewing the Violence Against Women Act, House leadership allowed a vote on the Senate’s all-inclusive version of the bill today and it passed 286 to 138.

    WASHINGTON — The GOP-controlled House on Thursday passed a renewal of the Violence Against Women Act that expands federal protections to gays, lesbians and transgender people, Native Americans and immigrants.

    The vote was 286-138, with 87 Republicans joining 199 Democrats to pass the bill. The measure now heads to President Obama, who has said he will sign the legislation.

    The version of the bill House leadership allowed to come to a vote today is essentially the same version that was passed by the Senate during the Spring of 2012. It includes jurisdictional rights for Native American tribes and protections for immigrants and members of the LGBT community.

    Read on

    • A couple of years ago a cat similar to this ran across the road in front of my truck. I was like whoa! WTF was that?!

      Then yesterday I looked out my front door and saw something so unbelievable. 2 cats just strolling across the pasture. 1 tan. 1 black. No spots. My son asked is that a bobcat? I said hell no. That’s no bobcat. I saw the tan one first and then the black one appeared walking behind the tan one. I was like…that’s no kitty cat! YIKES!

    • Ametia says:

      Strong, agile, sleek, intuitive, protective, just like you, SG2!

      • I called my brother and told him about seeing the 2 cats and he said it’s VERY rare to see two panthers roaming together. He said they’re solitary travelers. Maybe it’s mating season? Does anyone know if it’s mating season for these cats?

  12. Ametia says:

    How the Bush administration sold the war – and we bought it
    We knew WMD intelligence was flawed, but there was a larger failure of officials, media and public to halt the neocon juggernaut

    Valerie Plame Wilson and Joe Wilson, Wednesday 27 February 2013 03.30 EST

    t has been 10 long years since “Shock and Awe” – the opening bombardment of Baghdad – lit up the skies above the Tigris. A decade later, we know far more about the case the Bush administration made to the world to justify its war of choice to overthrow Saddam Hussein. Books like Hubris by David Corn and Michael Isikoff, and British commission and US Senate reports have catalogued the extent to which intelligence was misused to mislead the public.

    Yet, even as the intervening period has brought profound change for the United States and its role in the world, have we learned the lessons of that disastrous period? And what were those lessons?

    For nearly a year prior to the invasion, President Bush and his administration peppered the airwaves with serious accusations against Saddam Hussein, including claims of aluminum tubes that could be used in centrifuges to enrich uranium, and of Iraqi efforts to purchase uranium yellowcake from Africa. The intelligence supporting the claims was either not believed or was highly disputed by the experts. But that did not stop senior government officials from repeating them incessantly; nor did it prevent the powerful neoconservative ideologues who were the war’s most fervent supporters from parroting them with menacingly jingoistic passion.

    Read on:

  13. Ametia says:



  14. Conservatives Regret Taking Woodward’s ‘Threat’ Story Seriously

    Now that the correspondence between Bob Woodward and the White House has been revealed as tame and cordial, conservative commentators are reacting with disappointment to the veteran journalist’s claim that he was threatened over his sequestration reporting.

    Politico on Thursday posted the emails between Woodward and White House economic adviser Gene Sperling, who told Woodward, “as a friend, I think you will regret staking out that claim.”

    “Looks like we were played,” The Daily Caller’s Matt Lewis wrote Thursday morning.

    RedState editor Erick Erickson was also surprised after reading the emails:

  15. Seriously, WTF is Up With Bob Woodward?

    • Ametia says:

      LMBAO He’s getting called out. Woodward seriously didn’t think PBO fell off the turnip truck last night, did he? I mean really, his administration is not playing in some parking garage with an anonyomous figure wearing a trench coat. Oh wait; that be DEEP THROAT!

  16. Ametia says:

    Good calout on Woodward

    he Backscratcher—Bob Woodward’s Anti-Obama Bias

    So it goes with The Price of Politics. Critics have complained about the tediousness of this latest Woodward volume, which focuses mostly on the debt-ceiling negotiations between the White House and Republicans during the summer of 2011. The reviews in The New York Times and The Washington Post point out that the ground has been tilled by a succession of other writers, most exhaustively by Matt Bai of The New York Times. But I didn’t find Woodward’s book unusually tedious. In fact, I learned a lot from it. What I found it to be was remarkably slanted.

    This was all the more jarring because Woodward is famous for his distinct lack of slant. His books are scrupulously reported but annoyingly literal. At their worst, they read more like stenography than fully hatched stories. The only hint of a worldview he injects is the worldview of the establishment. He reflexively flatters the powerful.

  17. Bob Cesca‏@bobcesca_go

    Daily Banter Staff: Bob Woodward: Hack Journalist Extraordinaire

  18. Ametia says:

    Our Food Is Being Hijacked by Monopolizing Corporations
    Wednesday, 27 February 2013 00:00
    By Mark Karlin, Truthout | Interview

    If you are opposed to the Walmarting, Monsantoing, and Archers Daniel Midlanding of the food supply, Wenonah Hauter, executive director of Food & Water Watch, presents a meticulously researched argument for a massive restructuring of a system that allows a few companies to determine what we eat, from the farm to the dinner plate.
    Even many products called natural are less than meets the eye, aimed at increasing profits but not necessarily delivering on healthy sustenance.

    Support Truthout’s mission. Foodopoly: The Battle Over the Future of Food and Farming in America (hardcover edition) is yours with a minimum donation to Truthout of $35 (which includes shipping and handling) or a monthly donation of $15. Click here.
    Truthout talked with Wenonah Hauter about her exposé on how the food industry is becoming a dangerous monopoly of corporate interests.

    Mark Karlin: One of the fascinating points you detail in your book is how the “natural foods” marketplace has: 1) become dominated by a few big chain stores (of course “Whole Foods” leads the pack) and distributors; and 2) many of the items that they sell are no more natural than a conventional chain supermarket, just more expensive. Can you elaborate on that?

  19. Ametia says:

    WhatsamattaU, Bobbie?!

    • Ametia says:

      Bob Woodward is trying to gain relevancy and sell his BOOKS. Just looking to invent another “DEEP THROAT” WATERGATE controversy. HACK

      • jamalA says:

        Woodward and all the other FAUX historians rolled the the dice over Obama’s re-election, panicked and cashed in their book deals, he chose to hide behind questionable anonymous sources to build his own narrative.. Sunday morning talking-heads used that as evidence to beat-up the WH. Now his alternative reality is exposed as bogus, deal with it!

      • Ametia says:

        Yes; this WH is exposing quite a bit of hackery and fraudulent folks.

    • Ametia says:

      Defining ‘threats’ down
      By Steve Benen – Thu Feb 28, 2013 9:36 AM EST

      ven legends go through slumps. An iconic movie star might make a couple of box-office duds; star athletes may struggle for a while; pop stars might release some uninspired albums; and in Bob Woodward’s case, a celebrated journalist might fall in a metaphorical ditch and inexplicably keep digging.

      The heralded Washington Post reporter first ran into trouble with an op-ed on the sequester, which included a series of factually-inaccurate claims. Instead of running a correction, Woodward doubled down on his mistakes. As criticism mounted, Woodward appeared on MSNBC yesterday to criticize President Obama, complaining that it’s “madness” for the White House to follow federal laws written on a “piece of paper,” giving the impression that he thinks it’s inexcusable for the president to honor laws duly passed by Congress.

      With many wondering aloud what’s wrong with Woodward, the reporter, apparently eager to make himself the center of a larger story about himself, turned to Politico’s Mike Allen and Jim VandeHei to up the ante.

  20. Ametia says:

    Rep. John Lewis Endorses Elizabeth Colbert Busch In S.C. House Race


    Elizabeth Colbert Busch, the sister of satirist Stephen Colbert who is running for U.S. House in South Carolina’s First District, received an endorsement Thursday from a top southern Democrat.

    Rep. John Lewis (D-GA), the longtime congressman and former civil rights leader, offered his support of Colbert Busch, calling her a “friend” and “sister.”

    “Elizabeth Colbert Busch is my friend and my sister. I am endorsing her in the Special Election for South Carolina’s First District. The Colbert family has always been a strong advocate for all the people of South Carolina. I have visited the First District and know they need a powerful voice in Washington; Elizabeth can be that voice. I know she will be a hard working and dedicated Member of Congress who speaks up and speaks out for the people she serves. She has never been afraid to get in the way. Elizabeth Colbert Busch deserves the help and support of all the people of the Lowcountry.”

    Read more:

  21. Ametia says:

    Health law’s rules help hospitals cut patient readmission rate
    By N.C. Aizenman, Published: February 27

    Over the past several months, America’s hospitals have achieved a feat that long seemed beyond reach: substantially reducing the share of patients who must return for treatment almost as soon as they are discharged.

    According to statistics compiled by the Obama administration, the nationwide rate of hospital readmissions of Medicare patients within 30 days of discharge declined to about 17.8 percent by last November after remaining stuck near 19 percent over the five years that the data has been collected, and likely for decades prior to that.

    Jonathan Blum, a top official at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, is scheduled to release the figures Thursday at a Senate Finance Committee hearing. In an interview, he argued that the drop — which has already kept tens of thousands of people out of the hospital — is largely the result of provisions in President Obama’s health-care law.

    These provisions include new financial penalties that Medicare, the federal health program for the elderly and disabled, has begun imposing on hospitals with high readmission rates. They also include extra funding and incentives for hospitals and outpatient providers to do a better job of coordinating care for patients after they head home.

    “What I think is exciting is that a couple years ago the general reaction to these policies was that it was impossible to reduce hospital readmissions,” Blum said. “And what this data shows me is that it is possible. . . . I believe that what we are seeing is a fundamental, structural change.”

    The news comes as the growth of health-care spending is slowing at a record pace.

  22. jamalA says:

    Morning Ladies! I’ve enjoyed this tribute to some of the first people of this country, there music is/has been incorporated into my favorite “deep house” especially the deep house coming out of South Africa and Asia. Plus my Michigan roots, “meichigama” look just put your chin in your hand and look side-eyed in eff’n amazement at how in the hell, we still have a Christopher Columbus day.

    • Ametia says:

      LMBAO Good Morning, JamalA. We’re glad that you’re enjoying the series. Seriously, how you gonna role up on a peoples’ land, masacre them, and then claim you discovered the land? Easy to do after you’ve slaughtered them. BARBARIANS.

      SG2’s going to address this in her series too.

    • Thank you, Jamal! I’m glad you’re enjoying the series. I so love this music. I have some Native American blood running through my veins. My great grandmother was Choctaw. I never knew her but my daddy told us she came to Texas from Alabama. He use to always speak about her long glorious locks and how much he loved this wonderful woman.

      Hey, don’t get me started about this Columbus Day lie. I mean really. What GALL to put this lie in a book and fill our kids mind with bald faced lies. They pushed the myth/lie about cowboys and indians to make themselves look good. Cowboys= good guy; Indians = bad guy and then call them savages. Nah mofo, you the BAD guy when you invade someone’s land/home to steal their possessions. Like you stated above…how in the hell, we still have a Christopher Columbus day?

      • jamalA says:

        … “Beautiful words for your family”…
        Being a fan of some of the music made listening to it as you weaved through the culture, so pleasurable, this was easy. Great job!

  23. Ametia says:

    Good Morning, Everyone! -:)

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