Thursday Open Thread | 1963 March on Washington Heroes: Whitney Young & Roy Wilkins

This week is the 50th Anniversary of the 1963 March on Washington for Justice and Jobs. Let’s look back at some of the heroes of the March.

Today’s Heroes are Whitney Young

Whitney Young

& Roy Wilkins
roy wilkins-4

Whitney Moore Young Jr. (July 31, 1921 – March 11, 1971) was an American civil rights leader.

He spent most of his career working to end employment discrimination in the United States and turning the National Urban League from a relatively passive civil rights organization into one that aggressively fought for equitable access to socioeconomic opportunity for the historically disenfranchised.

Early Life and career

Young was born in Shelby County, Kentucky, on July 31, 1921 to educated parents. His father, Whitney M. Young, Sr., was the president of the Lincoln Institute, and twice served as the president of the Kentucky Negro Educational Association.[1] Whitney’s mother, Laura Young, was a teacher who served as the first female postmistress in Kentucky (second in the United States), being appointed to that position by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1940.[2][3] Young enrolled in the Lincoln Institute at the age 13, graduating as his class valedictorian, with his sister Margaret becoming salutatorian, in 1937.[4]

Young earned his bachelor of science in social work from Kentucky State University, a historically black institution.[5] At Kentucky State, Young was a forward on the University’s basketball team, and was a member of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity, where he served as the vice president.[6] He became the president of his senior class, and graduated in 1941.[7]

During World War II, Young was trained in electrical engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was then assigned to a road construction crew of black soldiers supervised by Southern white officers. After just three weeks, he was promoted from private to first sergeant, creating hostility on both sides. Despite the tension, Young was able to mediate effectively between his white officers and black soldiers angry at their poor treatment. This situation propelled Young into a career in race relations.

After the war, Young joined his wife, Margaret, at the University of Minnesota, where he earned a Masters Degree in social work in 1947 and volunteered for the St. Paul branch of the National Urban League. He was then appointed as the industrial relations secretary in that branch in 1949.[8]

whitney young-2

In 1950, Young became president of the National Urban League’s Omaha, Nebraska chapter. In that position, he helped get black workers into jobs previously reserved for whites. Under his leadership, the chapter tripled its number of paying members. While he was president of the Omaha Urban League, Young taught at the University of Nebraska from 1950 to 1954, and Creighton University from 1951 to 1952.[9]

In his next position as dean of social work at Atlanta University, Young supported alumni in their boycott of the Georgia Conference of Social Welfare, for low rates of African-American employment within the organization.[10] In 1960, Young was awarded a Rockefeller Foundation grant for a postgraduate year at Harvard University. In the same year, he joined the NAACP and rose to become state president.[11]

Young was a close friend of Roy Wilkins, who was the executive director for the NAACP in the 1960s.

whitney young-3

Executive Director of National Urban League

In 1961, at age 40, Young became Executive Director of the National Urban League. He was unanimously selected by the National Urban League’s Board of Directors, succeeding Lester Granger on October 1, 1961.[12] Within four years he expanded the organization from 38 employees to 1,600 employees; and from an annual budget of $325,000 to one of $6,100,000. Young served as President of the Urban League until his death in 1971.

The Urban League had traditionally been a cautious and moderate organization with many white members. During Young’s ten-year tenure at the League, he brought the organization to the forefront of the American Civil Rights Movement. He both greatly expanded its mission and kept the support of influential white business and political leaders. As part of the League’s new mission, Young initiated programs like “Street Academy”, an alternative education system to prepare high school dropouts for college, and “New Thrust”, an effort to help local black leaders identify and solve community problems.

Young also pushed for federal aid to cities, proposing a domestic “Marshall Plan”. This plan, which called for $145 billion in spending over 10 years, was partially incorporated into President Lyndon B. Johnson’s War on Poverty. Young described his proposals for integration, social programs, and affirmative action in his two books, To Be Equal (1964) and Beyond Racism (1969).

As executive director of the League, Young pushed major corporations to hire more blacks. In doing so, he fostered close relationships with CEOs such as Henry Ford II, leading some blacks to charge that Young had sold out to the white establishment. Young denied these charges and stressed the importance of working within the system to effect change. Still, Young was not afraid to take a bold stand in favor of civil rights. For instance, in 1963, Young was one of the organizers of the March on Washington despite the opposition of many white business leaders.
Young receives “The Treatment” from President Johnson (1966)

Despite his reluctance to enter politics himself, Young was an important advisor to Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon. In 1968, representatives of President-elect Richard Nixon tried to interest Young in a Cabinet post, but Young refused, believing that he could accomplish more through the Urban League.[13]

Young had a particularly close relationship with President Johnson, and in 1969, Johnson honored Young with the highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Young, in turn, was impressed by Johnson’s commitment to civil rights.

Despite their close personal relationship, Young was frustrated by Johnson’s attempts to use him to balance Martin Luther King’s opposition to the increasingly unpopular Vietnam War.[14] Young publicly supported Johnson’s war policy, but came to oppose the war after the end of Johnson’s presidency.

whitney young-4

roy wilkins-3

Roy Wilkins (August 30, 1901 – September 8, 1981) was a prominent civil rights activist in the United States from the 1930s to the 1970s.[1][2] Wilkins’ most notable role was in his leadership of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).[2]


Early career

After graduation, Wilkins worked as a journalist at The Minnesota Daily and became editor of The Appeal, an African-American newspaper. After he graduated he became the editor of the The Call.

Between 1931 and 1934, Wilkins was assistant NAACP secretary under Walter Francis White. When W. E. B. Du Bois left the organization in 1934, he replaced him as editor of The Crisis, the official magazine of the NAACP. From 1949–50 Wilkins chaired the National Emergency Civil Rights Mobilization, which comprised more than 100 local and national groups.

In 1950, Wilkins—along with A. Philip Randolph, founder of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, and Arnold Aronson,[4] a leader of the National Jewish Community Relations Advisory Council—founded the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR). LCCR has become the premier civil rights coalition, and has coordinated the national legislative campaign on behalf of every major civil rights law since 1957.

roy wilkins-2

Leading the NAACP

In 1955, Roy Wilkins was chosen to be the executive secretary of the NAACP and in 1964 he became its executive director. He had an excellent reputation as an articulate spokesperson for the civil rights movement. One of his first actions was to provide support to civil rights activists in Mississippi who were being subject to a “credit squeeze” by members of the White Citizens Councils.

Wilkins backed a proposal suggested by Dr. T.R.M. Howard of Mound Bayou, Mississippi, who headed the Regional Council of Negro Leadership, a leading civil rights organization in the state. Under the plan, black businesses and voluntary associations shifted their accounts to the black-owned Tri-State Bank of Memphis, Tennessee. By the end of 1955, about $300,000 had been deposited in Tri-State for this purpose. The money enabled Tri-State to extend loans to credit-worthy blacks who were denied loans by white banks.[5] Wilkins participated in the March on Washington (August 1963) which he helped organize,[2] the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965), and the March Against Fear (1966).

He believed in achieving reform by legislative means, testified before many Congressional hearings and conferred with Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon, Ford, and Carter. Wilkins strongly opposed militancy in the movement for civil rights as represented by the “black power” movement. He was a strong critic of racism in any form regardless of its creed, color or political motivation, and also espoused the principles of nonviolence.[2]

Wilkins was also a member of Omega Psi Phi, a fraternity with a civil rights focus, and one of the intercollegiate Greek-letter fraternities established for African Americans.
Wilkins (right) with Sammy Davis, Jr. (left) and a reporter at the 1963 Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C

In 1964, he was awarded the Spingarn Medal from the NAACP.[6]

In 1967, Wilkins was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Lyndon Johnson. During his tenure, the NAACP played a pivotal role in leading the nation into the Civil Rights movement and spearheaded the efforts that led to significant civil rights victories, including Brown v. Board of Education, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

In 1968, Wilkins also served as chair of the U.S. delegation to the International Conference on Human Rights.

In 1976, Wilkins got into a dispute with undisclosed board members at the NAACP national convention in Memphis, Tennessee. He announced that he was postponing his planned retirement by one year because the package offered was insufficient for his needs. Board member Emmitt Douglas of Louisiana demanded that Wilkins disclose the offenders and not impugn the board as a whole. Wilkins merely said that the offenders had “vilified” his reputation and questioned his health and integrity.[7]

In 1977, at the age of 76, Wilkins retired from the NAACP and was succeeded by Benjamin Hooks. He was honored with the title Director Emeritus of the NAACP in the same year.[2] Roy Wilkins died on September 8, 1981 in New York City of heart problems related to a pacemaker implanted on him in 1979 due to his irregular heartbeat.[2]

In 1982, his autobiography Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins was published posthumously.
“ The players in this drama of frustration and indignity are not commas or semicolons in a legislative thesis; they are people, human beings, citizens of the United States of America. ”

—Roy Wilkins


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76 Responses to Thursday Open Thread | 1963 March on Washington Heroes: Whitney Young & Roy Wilkins

  1. rikyrah says:

    10 ideas Republicans loved until Barack Obama became President
    By Amy Lynn Smith

    Republican obstructionism isn’t exactly new in Washington, D.C. It’s been all the rage since Barack Obama was elected President. Since then, a majority of Republicans have gone to great lengths in an attempt to torpedo his Presidency.

    The twisted irony is this: Many of the ideas President Obama and the Democrats have tried to put forth were actually Republican ideas first. So when you think about it, finding common ground and passing legislation that might, you know, help the American people, would be possible if Republicans weren’t hell-bent on attacking President Obama.

    Here are 10 examples:

    1. The Obamacare individual mandate. Before they became obsessed with bringing down Obamacare, Republicans had the idea of a free-rider fee for people who can afford health insurance but refuse to buy it, also known as the individual mandate. The free-rider fee is part of “Romneycare” in Massachusetts.

    2. End-of-life counseling. Republicans also used to include counseling for end-of-life issues in their own healthcare proposals. But when President Obama liked the idea? Well, he just wants to kill your grandparents. Oh, and by the way, the so-called “death panels” are nothing of the kind. It’s simply about giving patients and their families the information they need to make the best decisions about the end-of-life care they want.

    3. Donor disclosure. Before they opposed the DISCLOSE Act, Republican Congressional leaders were all for transparency in campaign contributions. How can we forget House GOP leader John Boehner proclaiming that “sunlight is the best disinfectant”?

    4. Clean energy. There was once a day when Congressional Republicans made clean energy a priority. They supported national energy laboratories, hybrid-vehicle manufacturers and the development of electric car batteries. Now, of course, they want nothing to do with clean energy. After all, there are plenty of climate-change deniers to claim there’s no reason to make the investment.

  2. Yahtc says:

    “George Zimmerman spotted in Florida shopping for tactical shotgun”

    Read more:

  3. Yahtc says:

    Black Youth Vote! Organizing and Training Conference

    Aug 22, 2013 8:00 AM – Aug 24, 2013 11:30 PM

    Washington, DC – Black Youth Vote! (BYV!), the young adult initiative of The National Coalition on Black Civic Participation (The National Coalition), will host their 10th Annual Black Youth Vote! Civic Leadership and Organizing Training Conference as part of the official 50th Anniversary March on Washington Week of Events surrounding the 2013 March on Washington. Sponsored in part by the National Education Association (NEA), Comcast and Open Society Foundations, the multicultural conference will take place August 22 -24 at the NEA National Headquarters, 1201 16th St. NW, Washington, DC. The conference will feature skills building sessions training the young leaders on things like integrating voter data, social media and technology, the group will devote day two to organizing training and strategic planning around issues impacting young adults. In light of the slaying of Trayvon Martin, and the subsequent not-guilty verdict in the case against his killer, George Zimmerman, there will be a special men only, Gathering of Black Men moderated by Jeff Johnson, television host and political activist. The session, I Am Trayvon, will allow the black men talk with other young men about issues that impact them disproportionately and come up with tactics and actions that can be initiated in local areas.

    National Education Association


  4. Yahtc says:

    I think it is important right now to consider which seats in Congress will be contested in the 2014 election. In this link to the Wikipedia article on this subject you can click on each state to discover what positions will be voted on:,_2014

    “Elections for the United States Senate will be held on November 4, 2014, with 33 of the 100 seats in the Senate being contested in regular elections whose winners will serve six-year terms from January 3, 2015, until January 3, 2021. Additionally, special elections may be held to fill vacancies that occur during the 113th United States Congress.
    The elections to the House of Representatives, elections for governors in states and territories, and many state and local elections will also be held on this date. The 2014 Senate elections will mark 100 years of direct elections of senators.”

  5. Yahtc says:

    “Published on Aug 22, 2013
    To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington, three residents of Norfolk, Va., share their memories of the historic event. Retired teacher Jacqueline Lee, Old Dominion University administrator Cecelia Tucker and retired journalist Mal Nicholson offer insights on segregation, hope and change.”

  6. rikyrah says:

    Greg Sargent ‏@ThePlumLineGS1h
    Can someone clarify whether Rs will demand *both* spending cuts *and* an Obamacare delay in exchange for raising debt limit?

    Dan Pfeiffer ‏@pfeiffer441h
    @ThePlumLineGS doesn’t matter what they demand, bc we aren’t negotiating over the debt limit. They are only taking themselves hostage

  7. Colo. State Senator: Blacks Are In Poverty Because They Eat Too Much Fried Chicken

  8. You’re REALLY sick when you have to resort to sockpuppetry to follow me! Get a got damn life and get your damn head examined. Crazy mofo!

  9. Ametia says:

    A potential Sandy Hook averted

    • Yahtc says:

      It is interesting to read this article link from a year ago at Axiom Amnesia:

      As we’ve seen time and again, Axiom Amnesia read the writing on the wall correctly. We’ve now learned that Mars Incorporated, the manufacturers of Skittles, was (up until very recently) a member of ALEC, an organization that helped to make the “stand your ground” law a reality.

      That’s right! The law that provided George Zimmerman with an excuse to remain free and uncharged for the murder of Trayvon Martin for 46 days was supported by the company who reaped the financial benefits of all the people who ran out and bought bags of Skittles as an attempted symbol of social justice.

      Note: Mars Inc. did pull out of ALEC, but read on in the article to see Axiom Amnesia’s assessment of this Mars Inc. action.

  10. The Bulter’s son and his father on the new film

  11. rikyrah says:

    Powell says what McCrory doesn’t want to hear
    By Steve Benen
    Thu Aug 22, 2013 1:20 PM EDT

    It’s been about 10 days since North Carolina Gov. Pat McCrory (R) approved the most sweeping voter-suppression law seen in the United States in a generation, and as Rachel explained on the show last night, the consequences are already affecting students, most notably at historically black colleges.

    But as North Carolina Republicans’ pernicious attacks on voting rights grow in notoriety, condemnations of these efforts are becoming more common. Today, for example, former Secretary of State Colin Powell was in North Carolina, where he criticized the state’s voting restrictions as bad for the public — and the Republican Party.

    “I want to see policies that encourage every American to vote, not make it more difficult to vote,” said Powell, a Republican, at the CEO Forum in Raleigh

    “It immediately turns off a voting block the Republican Party needs,” Powell continued. “These kinds of actions do not build on the base. It just turns people away.”

    Responding directly to the sole talking point pushed by far-right proponents of the voter-suppression law, Powell added, “You can say what you like, but there is no voter fraud. How can it be widespread and undetected?”

    • CarolMaeWY says:

      Do you respect SOS Colin Powell?

      • Ametia says:

        Hi CarolMae. I don’t have much use for Powell, since he helped lead us into the Iraq war.

        But he is definitely TRUTH-TELLING here, anf if their are no other sane voices in the Rethug party that will stand up and speak out against VOTER SUPPRESSION, but Poweel, than kudos for this!

        I’d like to hear him say the words, though. still looking for a video of his comments.

      • Liza says:

        I think that Colin Powell deserves some degree of respect but he also deserves a tarnished legacy. He had a moment in history when he could have been a truly great man but he chose to play the obedient soldier, so he earned the black mark on his legacy. He was not really one of them, the neo-cons led by Cheney et al, never a member of PNAC, and he may have even believed he could be the voice of reason. Who knows?

        Powell could never salvage his legacy, of course, because Iraq War devastated that country and destroyed so many lives, all without just cause. However, Powell isn’t essentially evil, and he could certainly do some good in his remaining years. Maybe he is already on that trajectory, I hope so.

  12. rikyrah says:

    DeMint touts emergency rooms over insurance
    By Steve Benen
    Thu Aug 22, 2013 10:21 AM EDT

    Former Sen. Jim DeMint (R-S.C.), now the head of the Heritage Foundation, continues to help lead a far-right crusade against the Affordable Care Act for reasons that aren’t altogether clear. Yesterday, DeMint brought his traveling circus to Tampa, where he made his pitch to a few hundred supporters (and more than a few opponents).

    DeMint said opponents don’t have much time to try to make changes to the law before a March 2014 deadline for people to enroll. Benefits will kick in Jan. 1 for those who enroll earlier.

    “This might be that last off-ramp to stop Obamacare before it becomes more enmeshed in our culture,” he said. “This is not about getting better health care.”

    DeMint said uninsured Americans “will get better health care just going to the emergency room.”

  13. rikyrah says:



    Jamelle Bouie @jbouie

    After denouncing voter ID laws in front of the NC governor:

    Colin Powell broke out into this:

    11:58 AM – 22 Aug 2013

  14. rikyrah says:

    More Medical Students Are Choosing To Become Family Doctors — And That’s Good News For Obamacare

    The number of U.S. medical school graduates choosing to go into family medicine and primary care rose for the fourth consecutive year, according to a press release from the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). That’s great news for the millions of Americans who will become newly insured under Obamacare and Medicare in the coming years, since many industry experts feared there wouldn’t be enough primary care physicians to meet their medical needs.

    Family medicine, unlike more specialized medical fields, involves caring for patients in a comprehensive way that involves everything from diagnosing and treating a wide range of common illnesses to promoting preventative health measures that might prevent the need for more specialized care in the future. In 2009, only 58 percent of U.S. medical school graduates chose residencies in family medicine — but now more than 67 percent of first-year family medicine residents graduate from American medical schools.

    “This is another indicator that medical students realize primary care is the foundation of health care,” said Dr. Perry Pugno, vice president for medical education at the AAFP, in a statement. “The number of students choosing family medicine… continues to increase, and the attendance at the AAFP’s National Conference for Family Medicine Residents and Medical Students has really increased. All of these point to a trend toward primary care careers.”

  15. rikyrah says:

    I thought this would be a one day story…that it’s still in the news weeks later isn’t good for the Spawn of Evil


    Liz Cheney’s fish tale
    By Steve Benen
    Thu Aug 22, 2013 9:07 AM EDT.

    We talked a couple of weeks ago about a funny story out of Wyoming, where far-right media personality Liz Cheney is running an uphill Senate fight, and where an errant fishing license has become quite a headache.

    U.S. Senate candidate Elizabeth Lynne Cheney posted a $220 bond in Ninth Circuit Court in Teton County on Monday on a charge of making a false statement to procure a fishing license.

    A citation/complaint ticket in the court file states that Cheney “fail[ed] to meet residency requirements as required,” according to the ticket signed by Wyoming Game and Fish Jackson Supervisor Tim Fuchs…. Cheney signed the ticket twice, once saying she promised to appear in circuit court at 1:30 p.m. Aug. 27 or would forfeit her bond.

    I’d love to hear the in-state debate as to whether Cheney is a flight risk.

  16. rikyrah says:

    Jeffrey Young @JeffYoung

    I made a Twitter list of the health insurance exchanges. Check it out, subscribe, etc.:

    10:22 AM – 22 Aug 2013

  17. rikyrah says:

    Ryan J. Reilly ✔ @ryanjreilly

    BREAKING: DOJ suing Texas over voter ID law.

    11:23 AM – 22 Aug 2013

  18. rikyrah says:

    Speaking in Raleigh, Colin Powell blasts North Carolina voting law
    Submitted by John_Frank on 2013-08-22 09:56

    UPDATED: With Gov. Pat McCrory in the audience, former Secretary of State Colin Powell took aim at North Carolina’s new voting law Thursday, saying it hurts the Republican Party, punishes minority voters and makes it more difficult for everyone to vote.

    “I want to see policies that encourage every American to vote, not make it more difficult to vote,” said Powell, a Republican, at the CEO Forum in Raleigh.

    “It immediately turns off a voting block the Republican Party needs,” Powell continued. “These kinds of actions do not build on the base. It just turns people away.”

    The retired general served as the keynote speaker at the event and made his remarks moments after McCrory left the stage. His comments represent the most high-profile criticism of the Republican-crafted law that requires voters to show photo identification at the polls, cuts early voting days and makes it harder for students to vote.

    In one comment, he seemed to rebuke McCrory for suggesting that voter fraud likely exists but is hard to detect. The governor had compared it to insider trading.

    “You can say what you like, but there is no voter fraud,” Powell said.

  19. Report: San Diego Mayor Bob Filner will resign as part of proposed settlement –

    • Ametia says:

      Where’s that “bye” graphic, SG2?

    • Liza says:

      The City of San Diego is going to pay him to resign and it will probably be a nice sum. I have no idea how this horny old geezer got elected. San Diego isn’t Hooterville, you would think they could do better. And this guy is a Democrat.

  20. Ametia says:

    i’ll give Hil props for that comment.

  21. rikyrah says:

    Republican Governors: Shhh, Don’t Call Our Obamacare Money Obamacare!

    Sahil Kapur August 22, 2013, 6:00 AM 7871

    A variety of Republican governors have sought federal funds under Obamacare, many of them to expand Medicaid eligibility for more residents, a centerpiece of the law that the Supreme Court made optional for states last year.

    But shhh! Don’t call it Obamacare, they say, for they despise that law.

    In the latest example, vociferous Obamacare critic and Texas Gov. Rick Perry is seeking roughly $100 million in federal funds under a program set up under Obamacare, called Community First Choice, to help states provide home-based health care to chronically ill Medicaid patients, as Politico reported this week.

    Perry’s office said Politico’s story was “not accurate” and pointed TPM to a Texas Tribune article in which the governor’s aides downplay the connection of the funds to Obamacare, and noted that what they’re seeking is not the broader Medicaid expansion to extend eligibility to more low-income residents.

    “The bottom line is it has nothing to do with Obamacare,” said Perry spokeswoman Allison Castle.

    Only it has everything to do with Obamacare. As the Department of Health and Human Services explained last February, the new Community First Choice program was explicitly set up under the Affordable Care Act and offers federal funds so states can pay a higher reimbursement rate to providers of home-based care. The aim was to ratchet back an incentive for ill patients to go to a nursing facility when they can be cared for at home.

  22. This is how it’s done, baby! **tears**

    Dr. Martin Luther King: Let us march on ballot boxes, march on ballot boxes until race-baiters disappear from the political arena.

    Dr. Martin Luther King:Let us march on the ballot boxes until the Wallaces of our Nation tremble away in silence.

    Dr. Martin Luther King: Let us march on poverty until no American parent has to skip a meal so their children may eat.

    Dr. Martin Luther King: Let us march on ballot boxes, until we send to our city councils, state legislatures, and the United States Congress men who will not fear to do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly with their God.

  23. Dr. Martin Luther King: We will be the participants in a great building process that will make America a new nation. And we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. This is our challenge. This is the way we must grapple with this dilemma, and we will be a great people.

  24. Ametia says:

    Mubarak released from jail

    Egypt’s ousted leader Hosni Mubarak has been released from prison and transported by helicopter to a military hospital in Cairo.

    Read more at:

  25. *goosebumps*

    “How I Got Over” – Mahalia Jackson

  26. Black Twitter!!!!!!

    Black Twitter Wikipedia Page Gives The Social Media Force An Official Stamp Of Approval.

    It’s official, Black Twitter has made it.

    The almighty, powerful force that is the social media community behind “Paula’s Best Dishes” and Black BuzzFeed, and is even responsible for snatching away the book deal dreams of Zimmerman trial juror B37 has left us in awe once again by scoring a page on Wikipedia.

    The Black Twitter Wikipedia page, which was posted on Wednesday, defines it as a “cultural identity in the Twitter social network focused on issues of interest to the black community, particularly in the United States.”

    It goes on to chronicle African-Americans’ over-indexing use of the social network, and the distinctly different ways the community interacts on the site, as well as the entity’s influence on social change.

  27. Rikyrah, your series on the Civil Rights Heroes is BANGING!

    • Liza says:

      It is. The accomplishments of these people are superhuman, far beyond what you would call extraordinary. I wonder sometimes if we will ever see people like them again. Maybe somewhere in the world but probably not here, just my opinion.

      • I remember my parents being glued to the tv watching history unfold before their eyes…. people people everywhere! I get goosebumps thinking about it.

      • Ametia says:

        These folks really aren’t “superhuman” in my opinion. They were just doing what was morally and ethically right as American citizens. Black Americans have always held the mirror up for America to examine its Constitution and creeds.

        We really need to see white America’s extraordinary accomplishments in honoring America’s ethical and moral obligations to All its citizens.

      • Liza says:

        “We really need to see white America’s extraordinary accomplishments in honoring America’s ethical and moral obligations to All its citizens.”

        I agree, Ametia. This is a wealthy nation, there is enough for everybody. But half the population seems to be engaged in worrying that someone will get something they are not entitled to, that they haven’t “worked” for and that they don’t “deserve.” And the rich old white men just keep stoking that flame, because when it goes out, they’re done.

      • Ametia says:

        @Liza. DOUBLE DAPS!

  28. rikyrah says:

    Fake IRS Scandal Backfires as Democrat Sues the IRS over 501 (c) Regulation

    By: Adalia Woodbury
    Aug. 21st, 2013

    After years of failed pretend scandals, Republicans thought they had a winner when they went after the IRS.

    Based on the Inspector General’s report Republicans tried to persuade America that the IRS was unfairly scrutinizing Tea Party organizations that were seeking the coveted 501 (c) (4) status. Darrel Issa spent months holding “hearings” trying to suggest the IRS was out to get the Tea Party and trying to find a link between this and the White House. Ted Cruz and Rand Paul led the vengeance crusade to shut down the IRS based on the latest “scandal” that never was.

    Our Sarah Jones reported on the unredacted IRS Treasury’s report’s conclusions. The report revealed that Issa was lying (again) and so was the Inspector General. In fact, the whole audit was skewed to make it appear that the IRS targeted the Tea Party when the reality was that organizations across the political spectrum faced scrutiny.

    Republicans really did it to themselves with this “scandal.” Their previous attempts merely meant they looked like desperate fools focused on smearing the President because they don’t have any ideas. This time, they may lose the one thing they treasure more than using millions of tax-free dollars to smear Democrats – the ability to shield their donors from public scrutiny.

  29. rikyrah says:

    What the Affordable Care Act Means to Communities of Color

    Dr. J. Nadine Gracia
    August 21, 2013
    01:50 PM EDT

    Ed. note: This is crossposted from See the original post here:

    Recently, I traveled to Oakland, California, to participate in a town hall about how theAffordable Care Act is improving health and strengthening communities – especiallycommunities of color that have long faced disparities in health and health care.

    As the event was coming to a close, a woman in the audience stood up and asked if she could read a letter from her daughter. Her daughter hadn’t been able to attend the event, she told us, but wanted to share her story with everyone.

    She had started college a few years later than most, at the age of 22. During her freshman year, she was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis – a devastating discovery. But there was one source of relief: thanks to the health care law’s provision enabling young people to stay on their parents’ health insurance until the age of 26, she was able to stay on her parents’ health plan, access the treatment that she needed, and continue her studies. And even though she has since turned 26, the opening of the new Health Insurance Marketplace – and the law’s ban on discrimination due to pre-existing conditions- will provide her with new opportunities to secure affordable coverage.

    The last excerpt that the woman read from her daughter’s letter was directed to President Obama. Thank you, she wrote. The health care law had helped to save her life.

  30. rikyrah says:

    Even Republican young adults want health insurance, poll finds

    Obamacare may have become a partisan issue, but more Republicans than Democrats have signed up for one of its most popular provisions, according to a survey published Wednesday.

    The survey also pokes holes in the idea that most 20-somethings act like “Young Invincibles” who believe they don’t need health insurance.

    A team at the Commonwealth Fund, which strongly supports healthcare reform, looked at one of the main target groups of the 2010 Affordable Care Act – young adults who have been going without health insurance. One of the most popular provisions of the law lets people age 26 and younger stay on their parents’ health insurance.

    “Public opinion polls found a partisan divide … but Republicans and Democrats both took advantage of the young adult provisions,” says Commonwealth vice president Sara Collins, who led the study. “In fact, more Republicans than Democrats did.”

    They found that by last March, 63 percent of young adults identifying as Republicans had enrolled in a parent’s health plan in the last 12 months, compared to 45 percent of those who considered themselves Democrats. About 26 percent of the 1,800 adults surveyed said they were Republicans, 28 percent said they were Democrats and the rest either said they were independent, some other party, or did not say.

  31. rikyrah says:

    UK Stands Up to Greenwald and Media Bullying: Miranda Was Held for Possession of Stolen Information That Would Help Terrorism

    Wednesday, August 21, 2013 | Posted by Spandan C at 7:57 AM

    Good for the UK Home Office. They seem to have had it with the faux outrage peddled by Glenn Greenwald and his bootlickers in the international media conglomerates (such as Comcast MSNBC). They are standing up to the bullying and just went on the offense, saying Miranda was held for being in possession of “highly sensitive stolen information that would help terrorism”.

    A Home Office spokesperson said: “The government and the police have a duty to protect the public and our national security. If the police believe that an individual is in possession of highly sensitive stolen information that would help terrorism, then they should act and the law provides them with a framework to do that. Those who oppose this sort of action need to think about what they are condoning. This is an ongoing police inquiry so will not comment on the specifics.”

    Isn’t this what we’ve been saying since, oh, since this happened? Despite the attempt to turn this into some sort of a nefarious new world order crackdown on freedom of the press, no principle, and certainly no law, protecting the freedom of the press entitles employees of media organizations to roam free across the globe while in possession of contraband or highly sensitive stolen documents – business or government (or with any stolen property for that matter).

  32. rikyrah says:

    The nation’s full faith and credit is not a ‘leverage point’
    By Steve Benen

    Thu Aug 22, 2013 8:00 AM EDT

    About a week ago, National Review’s Robert Costa reported that congressional Republicans are considering an incredibly dangerous new plan: they’re prepared to hold the nation’s debt limit hostage again, creating a crisis comparable to the one we saw in the summer of 2011, unless Democrats agree to take health care benefits away from millions of Americans.

    Earlier this week, Rep. Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.), a prominent member of the House Democratic leadership, said he now sees this scenario as likely. And overnight, Reuters reported that another GOP debt-ceiling crisis appears to be on the way

    Republican lawmakers, who staunchly oppose President Barack Obama’s signature healthcare law, are considering using a fall showdown over the country’s borrowing limit as leverage to try to delay the law’s implementation.

    The idea is gaining traction among Republican leaders in the House of Representatives, aides said on Wednesday. An aide to House Majority Leader Eric Cantor said the debt limit is a “good leverage point” to try to force some action on the healthcare law known as “Obamacare.” […]

    Republicans are weighing the tactic as an alternative to another approach that would involve denying funding for the law and threatening a possible government shutdown

  33. rikyrah says:





    Manning Says He Is Female and Wants to Live as a Woman

    WASHINGTON — Bradley Manning, sentenced to 35 years in military prison for the biggest breach of classified U.S. documents in U.S. history, said in a statement on Thursday he is female and wants to live as a woman named Chelsea.

    “As I transition into this next phase of my life, I want everyone to know the real me. I am Chelsea Manning, I am a female,” Manning, 25, said in the statement read on NBC News’ “Today” show.

  34. rikyrah says:

    Good Morning, Everyone :)

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