Serendipity SOUL | Sunday Open Thread|John Coltrane’s “A Love Supreme”

Happy Sunday, Everyone. Today’s 3 Chics feature is the late, great John Coltrane. Never get enough of “TRANE.”

A Love Supreme is often listed amongst the greatest jazz albums of all time.[19][20][21][22][23] It was also quite popular for a jazz album, selling about 500,000 copies by 1970, a number far exceeding Coltrane’s typical Impulse! sales of around 30,000.[24]




A Love Supreme is a studio album recorded by John Coltrane’s quartet in December 1964[1] and released by Impulse! Records in February 1965. It is generally considered to be among Coltrane’s greatest works, as it melded the hard bop sensibilities of his early career with the free jazz style he adopted later.

The quartet recorded the album in one session on December 9, 1964, at the Van Gelder Studio in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. Coltrane’s home in Dix Hills, Long Island, has been suggested as the site of inspiration for A Love Supreme.[2]

A Love Supreme (1964)
1. Acknowledgement
2. Resolution
3. Pursuance
4. Psalm

The album is a four-part suite, broken up into tracks: “Acknowledgement” (which contains the mantra that gave the suite its name), “Resolution”, “Pursuance”, and “Psalm.” It is intended to be a spiritual album, broadly representative of a personal struggle for purity, and expresses the artist’s deep gratitude as he admits to his talent and instrument as being owned not by him but by a spiritual higher power.[2]

The album begins with the bang of a gong (tam-tam), followed by cymbal washes. Jimmy Garrison follows on bass with the four-note motif which structures the entire movement. Coltrane’s solo follows. Besides soloing upon variations of the motif, at one point Coltrane repeats the four notes over and over in different modulations. After many repetitions, the motif becomes the vocal chant “A Love Supreme”, sung by Coltrane (accompanying himself via overdubs).[3]

In the final movement, Coltrane performs what he calls a “musical narration” (Lewis Porter describes it as a “wordless ‘recitation'”)[4] of a devotional poem he included in the liner notes. That is, Coltrane “plays” the words of the poem on saxophone, but does not actually speak them. Some scholars have suggested that this performance is a homage to the sermons of African-American preachers.[5] The poem (and, in his own way, Coltrane’s solo) ends with the cry “Elation. Elegance. Exaltation. All from God. Thank you God. Amen.”[6]

Just click on the reamining videos in this You Tube link, for all 4 suites of A Love Supreme. ENJOY!

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69 Responses to Serendipity SOUL | Sunday Open Thread|John Coltrane’s “A Love Supreme”

  1. Ametia says:

    JHUD is rockin a short Pixie.

  2. rikyrah says:

    Awesomely Luvvie @Luvvie

    “Even if nobody else sees you, I SEE YOU…We are worth protecting and we are worth loving.” – @MaraBrockAkil #BlackGirlsRock
    6:46 PM – 3 Nov 2013

  3. rikyrah says:

    @ReginaKing is my sista attitude spririt animal, and
    @TraceeEllisRoss is my natural hair sista spirit animal. #BlackGirlsRock

  4. rikyrah says:

    The New York Times Editorial Page:

    Congressional Republicans have stoked consumer fears and confusion with charges that the health care reform law is causing insurers to cancel existing policies and will force many people to pay substantially higher premiums next year for coverage they don’t want. That, they say, violates President Obama’s pledge that if you like the insurance you have, you can keep it.

    Mr. Obama clearly misspoke when he said that. By law, insurers cannot continue to sell policies that don’t provide the minimum benefits and consumer protections required as of next year. So they’ve sent cancellation notices to hundreds of thousands of people who hold these substandard policies. (At issue here are not the 149 million people covered by employer plans, but the 10 million to 12 million people who buy policies directly on the individual market.)

    But insurers are not allowed to abandon enrollees. They must offer consumers options that do comply with the law, and they are scrambling to retain as many of their customers as possible with new policies that are almost certain to be more comprehensive than their old ones.

    Indeed, in all the furor, people forget how terrible many of the soon-to-be-abandoned policies were. Some had deductibles as high as $10,000 or $25,000 and required large co-pays after that, and some didn’t cover hospital care.

    This overblown controversy has also obscured the crux of what health care reform is trying to do, which is to guarantee that everyone can buy insurance without being turned away or charged exorbitant rates for pre-existing conditions and that everyone can receive benefits that really protect them against financial or medical disaster, not illusory benefits that prove inadequate when a crisis strikes.


    Many higher-income people who won’t qualify for subsidies, however, will have to buy policies providing more benefits than they want. Maternity care for those who will not have children is one sore point. But that is one price of moving toward universal coverage with comprehensive benefits. And some of these higher-income people could suffer a catastrophic accident or illness that would previously have bankrupted them, but will now be paid for by insurance.

  5. rikyrah says:

    Joy Reid @TheReidReport

    There’s a congressman talking on @msnbc right now who doesn’t know that the Medicaid expansion in Oregon IS “Obamacare.” Jesus…wheel.
    11:38 AM – 3 Nov 2013

  6. rikyrah says:

    Is Racial Profiling By Police Prevalent in Pasadena, CA?
    By: Tim From LA more from Tim From LA

    A story which was shadowed by the death of Trayvon Martin has led to a group of local Pasadena citizens to create an inquiry into the shooting of an unarmed black teen by the Pasadena Police Officers which the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office deemed as justifiable homicide.

    Former Azusa High School football standout Kendrec McDade was shot and killed by Pasadena Police Department Officers Matthew Griffin and Jeffrey Newlen on March 24, 2012. According to the Los Angeles County District Attorney’s Office Justice System Integrity Division report signed by Deputy District Attorney Deborah Delport, McDade was shot eight times by the officers. The D.A. said the shooting was justified.

    McDade was shot eight times according to the report, because Griffin believed that he may have told Newlin, “Hey, he’s got a gun?” Is that justification to shoot? McDade was running while holding up his sweatpants. McDade had no firearm and he succumbed to his injuries at Huntington Memorial Hospital.

    • Yahtc says:

      Published on Jan 12, 2013
      The Associated Press summarized the police shooting of Kendrec McDade in Pasadena, California. On March 24, 2012, Pasadena Police officers Jeffrey Newlen and Mathew Griffin shot 19 year old Kendrec 7 times in the front and back of his body. The teen did not die until the following day. Pasadena Police Chief Sanchez knew that 911 caller Oscar Carrillo lied about unknown Black males having a gun during an alleged robbery, but did not arrest Carrillo until the family’s attorney, Caree Harper held a press conference and raised questions. The Police Chief then upstaged that press conference with one of his own, announcing Carrillo’s arrest two hours later. The media covered the Chief’s press conference as though Carrillo’s arrest was not two days late and prompted by the McDade attorney’s press conference. Turns out there was no robbery, and alleged items taken was by persons not personally seen by the 911 caller.
      The D.A.’s office announced that they would not press felony false report charges against Carrillo although Carrillo admitted to the crime on national T.V.. Some media outlets suggest that the government does not want details of the officers version to come out in a criminal trial.
      During the dangerous police chase at night, the officers did not turn on any lights as they pursued the teen. The D.A. has declined to charge the officers or the 911 caller with a crime.

    • Yahtc says:

    • Yahtc says:

    • Yahtc says:

  7. rikyrah says:

    Serial Plagiarist Rand Paul Melts Down and Incoherently Babbles About Footnotes on ABC
    By: Jason Easley more from Jason Easley
    Sunday, November, 3rd, 2013, 1:52 pm

    The plagiarism scandal is starting to get to Sen. Rand Paul. When asked about it on ABC’s This Week, Paul went on a rambling and incoherent discussion about footnotes.

    Sen Paul’s entire babbling about footnotes response went on for about 600 mostly incoherent words. It is almost as if Paul is thinking that if he can bury his plagiarism problem under mini-filibusters about footnotes, people will eventually lose interest and this will all blow over.

    Sen. Paul is still trying to confuse the issue. This isn’t about proper citation. It is about Sen. Paul stealing the work of others in his speeches, but it goes beyond his speeches. It turns out that Sen. Paul plagiarized an entire section of his book Government Bullies. Rand Paul is not an ideas person. His political career is based on his last name and his father’s political operation, but Paul can’t seem to describe the plotline of a movie in his own words.

    What this scandal has done is to confirm everything that was already suspected about Sen. Paul. He will still run for president in two years. He will raise lots of money. The people who voted for his dad will come out again and vote for him, but Rand Paul isn’t presidential material. A serious presidential contender doesn’t try to dig his way out of trouble by rambling on about footnotes on national television.

  8. rikyrah says:

    The Lovely Plains @DaRiverZkind

    “@Obamacare GOP’s Alamo” GOP Stalked ACA Like Jack The Ripper, Insuring poor isn’t their principles via @BillMoyersHQ

    10:11 AM – 3 Nov 2013

  9. rikyrah says:


    Welcome to America. Where f*cking up a website is a worse crime than purposely denying millions of working Americans health insurance.
    7:12 AM – 3 Nov 2013

  10. rikyrah says:

    What’s Really Obstructing Obamacare? GOP Resisters
    Republicans at all levels of government have put up roadblocks to undermine the Affordable Care Act rollout. It’s an orchestrated resistance with only one very ugly precedent.
    by Michael Tomasky Nov 2, 2013 5:45 AM EDT

    So we’re a month into the Obamacare era. What does your average American know about it? That the website is mess, and some number of Americans have suddenly lost their coverage after Barack Obama assured them that wouldn’t happen. These things are true, and a person would be quite wrong to deny this is deeply problematic.

    But I wonder how many Americans know the other side of the coin. There are already numerous success stories out there. And then there’s the side of the story that has certainly received coverage but not nearly as much as it deserves to, which is the way—did I say way? Ways—the Republican Party is trying to make sure it fails. Todd Purdum wrote a piece for Politico yesterday on the GOP’s “sabotage” of the law. It was a terrific article, but he didn’t say the half of it.

    All across the country, Republican governors and insurance commissioners have actively and directly blocked efforts to make the law work. In August, the Obama administration announced that it had awarded contracts to 105 “navigators” to help guide people through their new predicaments and options. There were local health-care providers, community groups, Planned Parenthood outposts, and even business groups. Again—people and groups given the job, under an existing federal law, to help people understand that law.

    What has happened, predictably, is that in at least 17 states where Republicans are in charge, a variety of roadblocks has been thrown in front of these folks. In Indiana, they were required to pay fees of $175. In Florida, which under Governor Rick Scott (who knows a thing or two about how to game the health-care system, you may recall) has been probably the most aggressive state of all here, the health department ruled that local public-health offices can’t have navigators on their premises (interesting, because local public health offices tend to be where uninsured people hang out). In West Virginia, Utah, Pennsylvania, and other states, grantees have said no thanks and returned the dough after statewide GOP elected officials started getting in their faces and asking lots of questions about how they operate and what they planned to do. Tennessee issued “emergency rules” requiring their employees to be fingerprinted and undergo background checks.

    America, 2013: No background checks to buy assault weapons. But you damn well better not try to enroll someone in health care.

  11. rikyrah says:

    igorvolsky @igorvolsky

    Rand Paul claims high enrollment in Medicaid will devastate hospitals.

    ACA boosts Medicaid reimbursements & hospitals support expansion
    9:20 AM – 3 Nov 2013

  12. Hey 3CP!

    I’m still heart broken today. I don’t feel like doing much of anything, so bear with me. I’m going to lay down for a bit.

    • Yahtc says:

      I am sending a caring and comforting hug and a prayer your way, SG2.

    • rikyrah says:

      hugs and more hugs to you, SG2

    • Ametia says:

      Take care of you, SG2.

    • Liza says:

      SG2, do you know the kid (or the family) who killed your friend’s son? I was looking at his profile which is still active on Facebook and it is kind of amazing to me how ordinary it is. I guess that’s normal, I’m not sure what I would have expected. I keep thinking about this because something similar happened close to my neighborhood a couple of years ago. These seemingly ordinary kids who become killers would not jump off a three story building, they would not jump out of a car going 70 mph, they would easily associate either of those actions with near certain death. Why do they not put loaded guns in that same lethal category, something for which the consequences are near certain death? It is incomprehensible to me that an 18 year old kid, not a thug, high school student, football player, seems normal and apparently doesn’t get this, couldn’t figure it out. He killed a man and threw his own life away, what’s done is done.

      I am so terribly sorry for your friend’s loss, for the family, and for all of you who are close to them. The whole community is affected and forever changed by this sad, tragic, senseless killing.

  13. llip2 says:

    Very nice thanks for sharing.

  14. rikyrah says:

    From Boston, a Lesson About Obamacare


    President Obama was in Boston on Wednesday—not to watch a baseball game, but to send a message about health care reform: The idea really works. Given all the news about Obamacare lately, it’s a message the country very much needs to hear. The template for the Affordable Care Act is the reforms that Massachusetts officials enacted in 2006. As almost everybody knows by now, the Red Sox organization promoted the Massachusetts health reforms, sponsoring efforts to enroll people and even having players appear in ads directly addressing the young, healthy people who might think insurance was unnecessary.

    That spirit still exists today, all across the country, although you might not have noticed. Leaders of the health care industry have been generally supportive of reform. You can see this clearly in the hospital industry, which rather than screaming publicly about payment changes in Medicare is quietly reinventing itself in ways that will, hopefully, make health care efficient. You also see it with the insurance industry, which rather than use website problems to endorse repeal has instead been lending the federal government technical assistance to get things working. Like everybody else in the health care business, these groups have plenty of financial incentive for playing nice. More people insured means more people paying bills.

    That attitude has not prevailed in politics, obviously. At both the state and national level, Republicans have been at best indifferent and at worst hostile to implementation of the law—in some cases, openly wishing for its failure and urgingpotential partners with or surrogates for the federal government not to help enrollment.

  15. rikyrah says:

    Steve Beshear @GovSteveBeshear

    One month into #ACA enrollment, 32,485 Kentuckians have signed up on @kynectky & 41% of those are under the age of 35. #kynect #healthierky
    4:05 PM – 1 Nov 2013

  16. rikyrah says:

    Ian Millhiser: What You Need To Know About The Severely Conservative Judge Who Just Ruled Against Birth Control

    Nine years ago, the California Supreme Court upheld a state law similar to the Affordable Care Act’s rules requiring most employers to include birth control coverage in their employee health plans. The sole dissent in that case was Justice Janice Rogers Brown. Nearly a decade later, Brown got her revenge. Though no longer a member of California’s highest court — President George W. Bush appointed her to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit over the strenuous objections of Democrats

    Judge Brown is now the author of a 2-1 opinion holding that religious employers can ignore the federal birth control rules. What was once a fringe view held by a lone holdout is now the law in the second most powerful court in the country. There is a lesson here for Democrats trying to decide whether to invoke the nuclear opinion in the D.C. Circuit fight that Senate Republicans started this week. When Republicans had the courage to demand what they wanted and put a serious threat behind it, they got two of the most conservative judges in the country.

  17. rikyrah says:

    LOL GOP: Obamacare ‘Horror’ Story Turns Out To Be Obamacare Success Story

    This week Diane Barrette was briefly the poster woman for the estimated 3% of America in the private insurance market who will lose their insurance and pay more to get coverage that meets the new minimum standards laid out by the ACA. It turns out that she was paying $56 a month for a plan that covered — according to Yiddish experts — bubkis.

    “She’s paying $650 a year to be uninsured,” Karen Pollitz, an insurance expert at the nonprofit Kaiser Family Foundation, told Consumer Reports. “I have to assume that she never really had to make much of a claim under this policy. She would have lost the house she’s sitting in if something serious had happened. I don’t know if she knows that.”

  18. rikyrah says:

    NYT: This Is Why We Need Obamacare

    Far more serious is the kind of catastrophe facing people like Richard Streeter, 47, a truck driver and recreational vehicle repairman in Eugene, Ore. His problem isn’t Obamacare, but a tumor in his colon that may kill him because Obamacare didn’t come quite soon enough. Streeter had health insurance for decades, but beginning in 2008 his employer no longer offered it as an option. He says he tried to buy individual health insurance but, as a lifelong smoker in his late 40s, couldn’t find anything affordable — so he took a terrible chance and did without.

    By September, Streeter couldn’t stand the pain any longer. He went to another doctor, who suggested a colonoscopy. The cheapest provider he could find was Dr. J. Scott Gibson, a softhearted gastroenterologist who told him that if he didn’t have insurance he would do it for $300 down and $300 more whenever he had the money. Streeter made the 100-mile drive to Dr. Gibson’s office in McMinnville, Ore. — and received devastating news. Dr. Gibson had found advanced colon cancer.

    “It was heartbreaking to see the pain on his face,” Dr. Gibson told me. “It got me very angry with people who insist that Obamacare is a train wreck, when the real train wreck is what people are experiencing every day because they can’t afford care.”

  19. rikyrah says:

    Elizabeth Drew: The Republican’s War On The Poor

    The way the program to provide the poor with the bare minimum of daily nutrition has been handled is a metaphor for how the far right in the House is systematically trying to take down the federal government. The Tea Party radicals and those who either fear or cultivate them are now subjecting the food-stamp program to the same kind of assault they have unleashed on other settled policies and understandings that have been in place for decades. Breaking all manner of precedents on a series of highly partisan votes, with the Republicans barely prevailing, the House in September slashed the food-stamp program by a whopping $39 billion and imposed harsh new requirements for getting on, or staying on, the program. The point was to deny the benefit to millions.

    Food stamps are largely responsible for the near-elimination of the severe hunger and malnutrition that was widespread in many poverty-stricken areas,” says Bob Greenstein, president of the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. Food stamps are far from an extravagant benefit. The average allocation is $1.40 per person per meal. (Try it some time.)

  20. vitaminlover says:

    I love the way you give out such terrific information about our history-specially the rare unknown information.

  21. rikyrah says:

    I Didn’t Understand It, Either

    by BooMan
    Sun Nov 3rd, 2013 at 10:50:45 AM EST
    It doesn’t surprise me to learn that President Obama was mystified when he learned that Rep. Paul Ryan (R-WI) had been selected as Mitt Romney’s running mate. I could never understand the reasoning behind it, either. For starters, I thought that after the debacle with Sarah Palin, Romney would want to pick someone with obvious stature on the world stage. He’d want someone that everyone could instantly envision being commander-in-chief. Maybe Dick Lugar was too old, but there had to be someone with foreign policy chops that he could choose. Secondly, if he wasn’t going to go for foreign policy experience, he should have stayed away from Washington DC entirely and found a governor to run with. Thirdly, if he was going to pick someone from Washington DC, he should have found someone who wasn’t the very symbol of gridlock and austerity. The Ryan Budget plan wasn’t all that well known by the general public, but it polled about as well as an outbreak of cholera.

    And one last point. Four years earlier, John McCain had looked at his problems with the conservative base of the party and concluded that he needed to reassure them and get them fired up with his selection of running mate. While it’s true that Sarah Palin wasn’t sufficiently vetted and turned out to have more problems than Team McCain could have ever imagined, she did fire up the base. Yet, it didn’t even come close to winning them the election.

    If for no other reason than having some respect for Einstein’s definition of insanity, Romney should have tried to reassure the middle rather than repeating McCain’s strategy of trying to reassure the base. I don’t even think Paul Ryan did much to fire up the base, because he’s a fairly unassuming guy. Most people didn’t know who he was, and the people who were familiar with his budget and liked his ideas were already politically engaged and very likely to vote. At best, the selection of Ryan helped increase the numbers and morale of Romney’s volunteers. Perhaps he got a little boost in political contributions. But, that’s it.

    It was a very strange choice made by a very strange man.

  22. rikyrah says:

    Fake Black Political Talk Show Thinks Obama Can Do No Wrong…

    SNL this week included a fake black talk show starring Kenan Thompson (playing moderator),Kerry Washington (as a black academic), andJay Pharoah (as a black writer), all of whom found no flaw in how President Obama has governed thus far.

    The sketch, titled “How’s He Doing?,” joked that the president’s approval among black Americans has fallen to a “staggering” 93.6%, and the two panelists speculated that recent debacles like the NSA snooping and rocky Obamacare rollout were the result of white people being too demanding.

  23. rikyrah says:

    Texas Attorney General Almost Disenfranchised By His Own Voter ID Law

    As early voting begins in Texas, the state’s new, strict voter ID law has thus far flagged a judge, gubernatorial candidate Wendy Davis, and another state senator as potentially illegitimate voters. Attorney General Greg Abbott (R), voter ID’s most strident defender, was also flagged as a suspicious voter under his own law’s strict criteria.[…]

    The law has also affected countless ordinary Texans who do not attract as much media coverage as Davis or Abbott.[….] While Texas officials claim it is easy for these people to get a free voter ID, just 41 out of 1.4 million eligible Texas voters have received one as of the middle of last month. ThinkProgress interviewed one 84-year-old woman who was denied the ID three times despite providing extensive proof of her identity.

  24. rikyrah says:


    WASHINGTON (AP) — The White House and the heads of the intelligence committees in Congress are rejecting a plea for clemency by National Security Agency-contractor-turned-fugitive Edward Snowden.

    White House adviser Dan Pfeiffer says no such offers are being discussed. He tells ABC’s “This Week,” that Snowden should return to the U.S. and face charges, which include leaking classified information

  25. rikyrah says:

    I do believe that I’ve been calling this.

    Told you that working class White folks would blame the Black man in the White House..

    Bet you if you ask a non-White person living in Georgia, they’d know who ACTUALLY was screwing them out of healthcare.

    Keep on clinging to that Whiteness, Donald.

    Keep on clinging.


    Know Who to Blame
    by BooMan
    Sun Nov 3rd, 2013 at 12:53:46 PM EST

    Donald Rizer doesn’t know it, but I put everything I had into electing President Obama so that Mr. Rizer could have access to affordable health care. And he would have it, as Kevin Drum points out, if not for Bush-appointed Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts, Georgia Governor Nathan Deal, and the Republican-led Georgia legislature.

    Donald Rizer is a 58 year old man with an aching shoulder that limits how much he can work. And he just lost his job that was paying him only about $800 a month. The cheapest health care plan he can find on the federal exchange is $200 a month, which he clearly cannot afford.

    He blames the president.

    “Obama,” he said, “he thinks that he’s helping things, but he ain’t.”

    The Affordable Care and Patient Protection Act, as written, would have provided 100% of the money needed for the state of Georgia to put Mr. Rizer on Medicaid, and he could have gone and had a doctor take a look at that shoulder. If he made a little more money, the law, as written, would have given Mr. Rizer a subsidy to buy that $200/mo. plan, leaving him to pay no more than 2% of his income. We’re talking about a bill that would probably be less than $30 a month.

    But Chief Justice John Roberts ruled that the states cannot be compelled to expand Medicaid. And Gov. Nathan Deal decided that he wouldn’t accept free money to expand Medicaid. And the Georgia legislature was just fine with that, even though it means that they’ll have a much harder to time making ends meet and balancing their budget.

    Finally, if Mr. Rizer wants to complain about the workability of, he came blame Georgian Republicans for that, too, because he wouldn’t have to use it if his own state government had agreed to set up their own exchange.

    Donald Rizer is angry, but his anger is misplaced. Rather than complaining about the president who tried to help him, he should be angry with the people who prevented him from being helped.

  26. Yahtc says:

    Looking back in Civil Rights history:

    Bloody Monday: History-changing day

    “While the photos are scarce, for those who lived through Bloody Monday, the memories of the brutality remain vivid. June 10, 1963 was the most violent day in the civil rights movement in Virginia. But that one day, 50 years ago, set in motion changes to the history of Danville, Virginia and the United States. This special series examines this historic milestone.”

    BY JOHN R. CRANE Crane reports for the Danville Register & Bee.
    Updated 5 months ago

    What began as a day of protests 50 years ago in Danville ended in violence, becoming known as Bloody Monday.

    On the night of June 10, 1963, about 50 civil rights marchers had gathered outside Danville’s jail to hold a prayer vigil for those who had been arrested during protests earlier in the day. Deputized city workers, police officers and state troopers carrying high-pressure fire hoses and nightsticks injured about 47 black demonstrators, turning the event into a pivotal moment for Danville’s civil rights movement.
    The incident was a culmination of frustration and protests resulting from institutional discrimination against blacks in Danville and across the South.
    Unequal conditions
    In the early 1960s, legal segregation of the races — through separate but unequal facilities for blacks — ruled in Danville and throughout the rest of the South. Restaurants, hotels, hospitals, schools, libraries, courtrooms, parks, buses, theaters, cemeteries and restrooms all fell under the cruel system of segregation.
    Avon Keen, president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Virginia, remembers discriminatory treatment from whites while a child in the early 1960s in Danville. Keen, 56, was 7 years old in 1963 and grew up in a white neighborhood.
    “They didn’t want us walking on the sidewalk,” Keen said.
    Buying refreshments from an ice cream vendor was an ordeal, Keen said. There were separate windows for blacks and whites, and whenever Keen was at the front of a line, the man behind the counter would look past Keen at a white customer and ask, “Can I help you?”
    Blacks also had to enter Woolworth’s through a side door, while whites could use the front entrance, Keen said. At the movie theater, blacks had to sit in the balcony.
    Bishop Lawrence Campbell, pastor at Bibleway Word Wide Church in Danville, remembers getting hand-me-down textbooks and football equipment while a student at all-black Langston High School. George Washington High School, the all-white school, received new learning materials and gear, Campbell said.
    Segregated department stores hired whites only, and Dan River Inc., the city’s largest employer, gave blacks only menial jobs. Also, the Danville Police Department employed no black officers.
    Among the city’s garbage collections, black men picked up the trash while whites drove the trucks, Campbell said.
    Even after the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education decision by the U.S. Supreme Court that said segregated schools were inherently unequal, Danville wouldn’t budge, Campbell said.
    “Danville was slow to integrate,” he recalled.
    Segregation in Pittsylvania County
    Willie Fitzgerald, president of the Pittsylvania County branch of the NAACP, said segregation was just a way of life in the county.
    “For a lot of us in Pittsylvania County, we really didn’t know we were being discriminated against,” said Fitzgerald, 66, who grew up near Coles Hill north of Chatham.
    “They didn’t feel it was altogether right, but they didn’t feel it was discrimination,” he said of older blacks he has talked to.
    Fitzgerald, a teenager during the early 1960s, said “discrimination” wasn’t a common word in the county then. Fitzgerald recalled pulling tobacco for white farmers and eating at their tables in their homes.
    He also remembered a segregated convenience store on U.S. 29 and a hot dog stand in downtown Chatham where blacks had to order and receive food through a window. Whites could go inside, but blacks couldn’t, Fitzgerald remembered.
    Chatham had segregated water fountains, restrooms and movie theaters, Fitzgerald said. Blacks had to sit in the balcony, while whites got the bottom seats and a better view of the screen, he said.
    Schools were also segregated in the county. Fitzgerald went to Gretna’s Northside High School, one of two black high schools in Pittsylvania County. White schools got new buses, while black schools had to take hand-me-down buses, Fitzgerald said.
    Fitzgerald was not involved in the local civil-rights movement in the early 1960s.
    “It was years later when I came to the realization of it,” Fitzgerald said.
    As for Bloody Monday, he had heard what happened to local civil-rights leaders slowly through word-of-mouth.
    “I didn’t know a lot that was going on because of lack of news media coverage in the county,” Fitzgerald said.
    Calls to action
    The slow, reluctant implementation of school desegregation in the South prompted four North Carolina A & T students to sit down at a whites-only lunch counter in Woolworth’s in Greensboro, N.C., on Feb. 1, 1960.
    The protest inspired more sit-ins and boycotts in the South, including Danville.
    On April 2, 1960, a demonstration against segregation took place at a whites-only public library housed at what is now the Danville Museum of Fine Arts and History. Also known as the Sutherlin Mansion, the building hosted Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederacy, during the final days of the Civil War in 1865.
    Blacks used the William F. Grasty Library on Holbrook Street, Campbell said.
    “It was inadequate,” Campbell said.
    Up to 20 black Danville residents — peacefully but unsuccessfully — tried to use the whites-only library.
    The local chapter of the NAACP filed a lawsuit in federal district court and won. Danville City Council then closed the library, a decision that city voters supported in a referendum.
    The library reopened to blacks and whites with the chairs and tables removed so patrons could check out books but then had to immediately leave.
    Throughout the early 1960s, sit-ins and boycotts increased, taking place at Danville’s Howard Johnson restaurant, the Charcoal House on Riverside Drive, a Holiday Inn lobby and People’s Drug Store on Main Street.
    “We felt the NAACP was moving too slow,” said Campbell, who was among the young black residents who attempted to use the whites-only library.
    Campbell and other civil-rights leaders, including the Rev. L.W. Chase, the Rev. Alexander Dunlap and the Rev. H.G. McGhee, talked with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and formed the Danville Progressive Christian Association. The group became affiliated with King’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
    King was trying to develop Christian leaders in the South, Campbell said. That is how the group was able to get King to come to Danville. The organization — whose goals were to desegregate schools, restaurants, hotels and other public facilities — appealed to city council to integrate the municipal workforce, Campbell said.
    City officials dismissed civil rights protestors.
    “They didn’t take us seriously,” Campbell said.
    King traveled to Danville and spoke in March, July and November of 1963. Leaders from the SCLC, the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee and the Congress of Racial Equality also came to Danville to help local leaders organize protests.
    By 1963, city leaders attributed the demonstrations to outside agitators.
    Bloody Monday
    In the months leading up to Bloody Monday on June 10, 1963, several civil-rights protests happened in Danville. Court documents point to demonstrations that occurred on May 31 and on at least six days in June and four days in July, the Danville Register & Bee reported in June 2003, for its series on the 40th anniversary of Bloody Monday.
    Coverage of the events by The Danville Register was nonexistent from May 31-June 4, 1963. However, national media attention prompted local newspapers and radio stations to cover the demonstrations.
    “Our newspaper suppressed coverage,” Campbell said. “It wasn’t until [The Associated Press] got hold of it that it became nationwide.”
    On June 5, 1963, 100 demonstrators marched, sang and chanted, staging sit-ins on sidewalks and in the offices of Danville Mayor Julian Stinson and City Manager T.E. Temple. Protestors, including Campbell, were arrested and their numbers had grown to 250 by that night. Court documents stated they threw bricks and bottles at buildings and police officers, but protestors have said the claims are not true, the Register & Bee reported in 2003.
    Keen, who was in kindergarten during the school year leading up to the protests, remembers parents of students being arrested for participating in marches.
    In response to the unrest, Danville Corporation Court Judge Archibald M. Aiken issued an anti-demonstration injunction June 6.
    That injunction was still in effect June 10, when about 50 protestors gathered outside the city jail. They went there to pray for those in jail from protests earlier that day, said Campbell, who had been jailed that day and released that evening. Campbell was not one of those protestors gathered outside the jail.
    Before the protestors marched from Bibleway Church on Grant Street to the jail, leaders instructed them not to carry sharp objects, Campbell said.
    White deputized city garbage collectors, state troopers and police officers beat the protestors with billy clubs and sprayed them with water hoses, Campbell said. His wife Gloria, who wore a dress, was among those injured.
    “When I saw my wife, that dress had been beaten halfway off,” said Campbell, who was at the church that night.
    “Periodically, she still has the pain from that beating that she received,” Campbell said.
    City officials maintained a hard-line stance against demonstrators after June 10. Bloody Monday drew denigrating depictions of Danville from national news media at the time.
    Civil-rights demonstrations continued in June and throughout July.
    Legal wrangling over the arrests of more than 300 protestors took place throughout the summer of 1963, the Register & Bee reported in 2003. Some cases lasted for years, with those involving Campbell and other local civil-rights leaders not thrown out until 1973.
    As for school integration, Avon Keen, who attended W.F. Grasty Elementary School from 1964-68, said white school buses would not pick him up to take him to school during that time.
    The Danville School Board didn’t approve an integration plan until the 1969-70 school year. Integration was implemented in Danville schools in 1970-71.
    Around the time of passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1964, which was supposed to end discrimination based on race, public facilities in Danville were desegregated.

    • Yahtc says:

      Ametia, SG2, and rikyrah,

      The article above says that “photos are scarce” for this event, but I do have a rare 14 page SNCC pamphlet on this Danville, Virginia event that does have photos.

      It also chronicles the events that led up to June 10, 2013. (The text was by Dorothy Miller)

      I am trying to think of the best way to show some of the photos with the photos by Danny Lyons. I do not see any mention of copyright on any of the pages of the pamphlet. This pamphlet was SNCC’s effort to get the news out across the nation of the dire situation in Danville.

  27. Yahtc says:

    Lawyers’ Committee Formed at Height of Civil Rights Movement

    If you click the word “newsroom” at this site, you will find good news articles.

  28. Yahtc says:

    I read this book a few years ago. It is quite good.

    One commenter at a book site wrote this about it:

    This is a fascinating book about the exodus of freedpeople out of the South and into Kansas after Reconstruction failed. Truly amazing. Though I would have liked to know a bit more in specific about the all-black colonies some groups formed in Kansas, Painter does a great job of contextualizing the exodus, showing how desperate blacks were to leave the South once Republicans lost control and Democrats tried to “redeem” the South after Reconstruction (you can guess what that meant).

  29. Yahtc says:

  30. Republicans Deliberately Sabotaged the ACA Website, Hoping the Law Would Implode.

    For weeks I’ve been wondering why no one is talking about how Republicans sabotaged the ACA rollout by refusing to implement state run marketplaces, and thus unexpectedly forcing all of that additional burden on to the federal website.

    It reminded me of Republicans denying security funding for Benghazi and then blaming Obama and Clinton for the lack of security in Benghazi. The media were oddly uninterested in that alarming fact.

    But today, Todd Purdum at Politico exposed how Republicans sabotaged the ACA rollout. One small part of their plan was the rejection of the state run exchanges.

    But also, Purdum points out, Republicans refused to fund the extra work on the website after the states refused to do their parts, leaving the administration to cobble funding together for Healthcare.Gov. Putting this extra burden on the website was a deliberate effort to cause the law to “implode” on itself.

  31. Yahtc says:

    ‘Reverse the Curse’ remembers the past in hopes of changing the future

    WILMINGTON, NC (WWAY) — Blacks and whites joined together at the 1898 Memorial for “Reverse the Curse,” a city-wide prayer march to remember the Wilmington race riots of 1898.

    “It was during a chilly morning in November of 1898 that Wilmington’s downtown streets were filled with the blood of its innocent African American citizens.”

    Local churches teamed up with “Boots on the Ground” in hopes of bringing the community together by reflecting on the past. They led a march from the memorial through the streets of Wilmington, following the path government leaders took during the riot.

    “Although much progress has been made since 1898, many Wilmington churches and communities still remain segregated.”

    Organizers say poverty, drug addiction, violence, murder, and gang activity are all rooted in the racial past of history. They say the community cannot rely on its government leaders to fix these issues. Organizers instead encourage the community to count on God and each other.

    “We are releasing God’s spirit in Wilmington,” said Christian supporter Neil Blake. “We are asking him to drive out the spirits that are controlling murder and all of the greed and things like that.”

    • Yahtc says:

      From Wikipedia:

      “Wilmington Insurrection of 1898”

      The Wilmington Insurrection of 1898, also known as the Wilmington Massacre of 1898 or the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898, occurred in Wilmington, North Carolina starting on November 10, 1898 into the following days; it is considered a turning point in North Carolina politics following Reconstruction. Originally described as a race riot, it is now observed as a coup d’etat with insurgents having overthrown the legitimately elected local government, the only such event in United States history.

      Two days after the election of a Fusionist white Mayor and biracial city council, Democratic Party white supremacists illegally seized power from the elected government. More than 1500 white men participated in an attack on the black newspaper, burning down the building. They ran officials and community leaders out of the city, and killed many blacks in widespread attacks, but especially destroyed the Brooklyn neighborhood. They took photographs of each other during the events. The Wilmington Light Infantry (WLI) and federal Naval Reserves, told to quell the riot, used rapid-fire weapons and killed several black men in the Brooklyn neighborhood. Both black and white residents later appealed for help after the riot to President William McKinley, who did not respond. More than 2,000 blacks left the city permanently, turning it from a black-majority to a white-majority city.

      In the 1990s, a grassroots movement arose in the city to acknowledge and discuss the events more openly, and try to reconcile the different accounts of what happened, similar to efforts in Florida and Oklahoma to recognize the early 20th-century race riots of Rosewood and Tulsa, respectively. The city planned events around the insurrection’s centennial in 1998, and numerous residents took part in discussions and education events. In 2000 the state legislature authorized a commission to produce a history of the events and to evaluate the economic impact and costs to black residents, with consideration of reparation for descendants of victims. Its report was completed in 2006.

  32. Yahtc says:

    “Barneys’ former security guards to spill secrets about anti-theft methods”

    Raymel Cardona and Aaron Argueta will meet with New York’s attorney general as part of a probe into recent racial profiling complaints from African-American shoppers at Barneys and Macy’s, sources said.

  33. Yahtc says:

    The slaves who sued for freedom
    New research uncovers a little-known force for abolition: captives who took their masters to court.

  34. Yahtc says:

    Rev. Al Sharpton appears in ‘Saturday Night Live’ skit addressing lack of diversity

  35. I forgot to set my clock back. :(

  36. Ooops, 60 Minute’s Benghazi Source Is A Liar.

    Don’t you just hate it when you do a big story to satisfy the wing nuts and to show you’re “fair and balanced” and it turns out your main source for the story is, well, a liar?!

    Here it is from the Washington Post

    Here’s how the WP describes what he told 60 minutes;

    The man whom CBS called Morgan Jones, a pseudonym, described racing to the Benghazi compound while the attack was underway, scaling a 12-foot wall and downing an extremist with the butt end of a rifle as he tried in vain to rescue the besieged Americans.
    But here’s what the WP says he wrote in a report to his employer three days after the attack.

    In Davies’s 21 / 2-page incident report to Blue Mountain, the Britain-based contractor hired by the State Department to handle perimeter security at the compound, he wrote that he spent most of that night at his Benghazi beach-side villa. Although he attempted to get to the compound, he wrote in the report, “we could not get anywhere near . . . as roadblocks had been set up.”
    He learned of Stevens’s death, Davies wrote, when a Libyan colleague who had been at the hospital came to the villa to show him a cellphone picture of the ambassador’s blackened corpse.

    Ooops, looks like it’s one of those, was he lying then or is he lying now type of things.

    Davies’s book on the attack, titled “The Embassy House,” by “Sergeant Morgan Jones,” was published this week and largely comports with the “60 minutes” account. It says that he served 14 years in the British military before becoming a private security contractor.
    Well getting caught in a lie is certainly not what your publisher had in mind to start off the book tour with. But I’m sure it won’t stop the Republican filibusters that we need so we can get to the bottom of these new “revelations”.

  37. Ametia says:

    Good Morning, Everyone. :-)

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