Wednesday Open Thread | A Piece of History That All Should Know

I learn something new everyday.
I had never heard of this American Hero.

Georgia Gilmore adjusts her hat for photographers in 1956 during the bus boycott trial of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in
Montgomery, Ala. She testified: “When you pay your fare and they count the money, they don’t know the Negro money from white money.”

Meet The Fearless Cook Who Secretly Fed — And Funded — The Civil Rights Movement

January 15, 20187:00 AM ET

In December 1955, after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a Montgomery, Ala., bus to a white man, the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. and other black ministers and community leaders organized a citywide bus boycott in protest. That part is well known.

Less well-known is the story of Georgia Gilmore, the Montgomery cook, midwife and activist whose secret kitchen fed the civil rights movement.

When King and others held meetings of the Montgomery Improvement Association at the Holt Street Baptist Church, Gilmore was there, selling fried chicken sandwiches and other foods to the African-American men and women gathered there who’d pledged not to use the city’s buses until they were desegregated. Gilmore poured those profits back into the movement, as John T. Edge recounts in his book The Potlikker Papers: A Food History of the Modern South.

“In the process, her home kitchen became a locus for change,” writes Edge, the director of the Southern Foodways Alliance, which is based out of the University of Mississippi and documents the intersection of food and culture in the South.

Gilmore organized black women to sell pound cakes and sweet potato pies, fried fish and stewed greens, pork chops and rice at beauty salons, cab stands and churches. “She offered these women, many of whose grandmothers were born into slavery, a way to contribute to the cause that would not raise suspicions of white employers who might fire them from their jobs, or white landowners who might evict them from the houses they rented,” Edge says.

The money they raised helped pay for the alternative transportation system that arose in Montgomery during the 381-day bus boycott: hundreds of cars, trucks and wagons that ferried black workers to and from their jobs across town each day. Gilmore’s cooking helped pay for the insurance, gas, wagons and vehicle repairs that kept that system going.

She called the group of women who worked with her in this project “The Club from Nowhere” because, as Betty Gilmore, Georgia’s sister, told Edge years later, “It was like, ‘Where did this money come from? It came from nowhere.”

Gilmore would attend MIA meetings at the church and announce how much she’d raised that week, eventually inspiring another group of women in town to start a similar endeavor, Edge says.


The testimony made Gilmore a hero to local blacks, Edge says. But “in the white world she became a pariah.” Gilmore lost her job as a cook at the National Lunch Company – though Edge says it’s not clear whether she was fired or resigned “knowing her testimony would lead to her dismissal.”

King lived a few blocks from Gilmore and was a fan of her cooking and her activism. “Whenever VIPs would come to town, he would always have Miss Gilmore cook up a batch of chicken,” Nelson Malden, King’s one-time barber in Montgomery, recalled in a 2005 interview with NPR. “When she was fired from her restaurant [job], Rev. King said, ‘Well, why don’t you go into business for yourself?’ ”

So she did. With King’s support, Gilmore turned her house into an informal restaurant.

“[Robert F.] Kennedy came, [Lyndon] Johnson been here – Dr. King brought him,” Gilmore’s son, Mark Gilmore, who died in 2008, told NPR in 2005.

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69 Responses to Wednesday Open Thread | A Piece of History That All Should Know

  1. eliihass says:

    Incredibly self-possessed, principled, disciplined, self-contained, self-sufficient, self-assured, insightful, brilliant, lovely, grounded, wise, unpretentious, fearless, with integrity in spades …comfortable in her own skin, knows exactly who she is and what she is worth. Doesn’t do fakery or affectation, doesn’t live for validation or approval..

    Upstanding, unaffected, honorable, wise, clear-eyed, percipient, genuine, compelling, fearless, sincere, fun, serious, whip-smart..

    Consistent. Unmanufactured. And without ever playing coy or trying to be ..powerfully magnetic, endlessly appealing, deeply enigmatic, and profoundly fascinating..

    Powerfully, reliably, deeply, empathetically, movingly human in the very best, most relatable and most un-patronizing of ways..

    Never cowers, never grovels, never beholden …Uncontrived, unaffected, unbowed, unbroken..

    She knows who she is and what she’s worth:

    Equal parts wonderful, marvelous, big brain, big heart, great depth, wit, wisdom, fun, tough, sweet, confident, humble, unassuming enigma… She’s effortless, unaffected greatness ordained; …unflinching grace under fire …incontrovertible integrity personified…

    She is wife, mother, daughter, historic FLOTUS, woman, human, leader .. Inspiring role model, hauntingly prophetic and compelling moral compass and conscience, authentic and powerful leader, perspicuous voice of the voiceless.. un-aggrandizing, unselfish strength of the marginalized …The true greatness who sees, hears, reaches out, reaches down, reaches back, and elevates right along with her, those previously unseen and unheard..

    Reliably, consistently fair …ultimate honest broker. The Real Deal..

    Effortlessly compelling, infinitely trustworthy, undeniably impressive, completely formidable …open, natural, refreshingly honest and down to earth… imbued with a sincerity, authentic spirit and humanity that doesn’t seek to exploit or aggrandize ..She is that rare public figure who actually authentically embodies, fully lives and proudly walks her talk..

    Underestimated, under-appreciated, under-acknowledged, insufficiently honored, she remains for me the very powerfully, irreversibly, best of the best of womanhood, human, role model, leader..

    She is so much more than #BlackGirlMagic …She is #ExquisiteMagicalWomanHuman..

    Spectacular in every way: her integrity, sincerity, brilliance, warmth, wit, humility, undeniable character, perspicacity, and that rare authenticity …shines through every day, in every way.. A genuine human being in the very best sense …hers has never been a put on act.. #RealDeal..

    There was no mistake …she was the indisputably perfect, effortless and complete embodiment of everything the FIRST should be..

    I remain in complete awe of, exhilaratingly grateful for, endlessly and fiercely protective of this incredibly spectacular, consciously and powerfully present, uncontrived greatness of a woman …and America’s first, one and only historic First Lady.. precious jewel of inestimable value..

    May she live long and strong …continue to soar, prosper, succeed far beyond hers and our wildest dreams … and positively thrive, shine and conquer for many, many, many more years to come..

    A very Happy Birthday to our magnificent #foreverFLOTUS …with all her sacrifice -tangible and intangible, and the endless attacks on and continued dehumanization of her …and now living with a permanent target on her back, she remains for me, the unsung heroine of the past 10+ years and 2-terms of a historic presidency our country and world witnessed, and many now appreciate. I greatly respect and adore her more than words could say …and desperately miss her every single day, in her formal role as the official face, presence and voice of our great nation, to the world…

    May God continue to bless, guide, guard, instruct, direct, protect her, and her family…

    p.s: NaturalBeauty and Brains! 54 never looked so fantastic… GORGEOUS …


  2. yahtzeebutterfly says:

    “Thomas Farr has been picked for a lifetime seat as a federal judge by President Trump. Farr has a history of opposing civil rights and early connections to one of the most influential racial hate groups in the country: the Pioneer Fund.”
    “From eugenics to voter ID laws: Thomas Farr’s connections to the Pioneer Fund”

    Farr’s record of fighting advances in black political participation spans decades. It includes his involvement in drafting and then defending the 2013 North Carolina “monster” voter restriction law struck down by a federal court because it targeted black voters “with almost surgical precision.” “Because of race, the Legislature enacted one of the largest restrictions of the franchise in modern North Carolina history,” the court ruled.

    And just recently, Farr was reported to have misrepresented his role in voter suppression activity directed at black voters conducted by the Jesse Helms Senate campaign in 1990 against Charlotte’s first black mayor, Harvey Gantt. A former Justice Department lawyer placed Farr in the center of the unlawful conduct.

    This record should be disqualifying on its own. What’s missing and more disquieting in Farr’s story, however, is his early connections to one of the most influential racist hate groups of the 20th century: the Pioneer Fund. Founded in 1937 to pursue “race betterment” for those “deemed to be descended predominantly from white persons who settled in the original thirteen states prior to the adoption of the Constitution,” the Pioneer Fund was the “primary source for scientific racism” well into the 2000s and one of the key funders of the fight against civil rights in the South from the 1950s onward.

    Farr’s connection to the Pioneer Fund comes principally through his longtime boss and mentor, Thomas Ellis, the political mastermind behind the arch-segregationist Senator Jesse Helms. Ellis was a Pioneer Fund director, grantee and close associate of the hate group’s president, Harry Frederick Weyher, Jr., for over 60 years. In the 1980s, hundreds of thousands of dollars flowed from the Pioneer Fund to a tax-exempt foundation called the Coalition For Freedom that was under Ellis’ control and represented by Farr.


  3. yahtzeebutterfly says:

    There are great resources on this page:
    “Speak Up: Responding to Everyday Bigotry”


  4. Liked by 2 people

  5. rikyrah says:

    In the Race for Georgia Governor, Can Stacey Abrams Usher In a New Southern Strategy for the Democrats?

    Terrell Jermaine Starr
    Today 9:00am

    Stacey Abrams was 17 years old in 1991 when she was first told she couldn’t enter the governor’s mansion in the affluent Buckhead district of Atlanta. She and her parents stepped off the MARTA bus stop nearby and walked toward the guards booth, where they were met with the blunt response.

    “You can’t come in here,” she remembers the guard on duty telling them.

    As one of Georgia’s high school valedictorians, Abrams had been invited to meet the governor, along with other students across the state. The other valedictorians and their parents gained entrance without delay.

    “Just think about being 17 years old, standing at these gates, one of the most important days of your life, and you’re told you don’t belong here,” she tells The Root. “That brands you. That stays with you.”

    Her father, Robert, was able to convince the guard that they had been invited to the event, and the family eventually got in, but neither Abrams nor her parents remembers being inside. They just recall being told they weren’t welcome. The experience expanded Abrams’ appreciation of how power, or proximity to it, could harm or exclude people.

    “I did not know until much later that this was a memory that really propelled her to make sure that things were equal, that there is a level playing field for everybody else,” Abrams’ mother, Carolyn, said in a phone interview.

    Abrams, 44, tells that story wherever she goes. It won over audiences at each event at which I saw her speak in December when I trailed along on her campaign stops. It’s the story that fuels her resolve to become Georgia’s top politician. Last summer, Abrams gave up her seat and position as minority leader in the Georgia Statehouse to run for governor—and if she wins, she would become the first black female governor in U.S. history.

    Liked by 1 person

  6. Ametia says:

    What Flake got right — and wrong
    By Jennifer Rubin January 17 at 2:11 PM


    Ignoring or denying the truth about hostile Russian intentions toward the United States leaves us vulnerable to further attacks. We are told by our intelligence agencies that those attacks are ongoing, yet it has recently been reported that there has not been a single cabinet-level meeting regarding Russian interference and how to defend America against these attacks. Not one. What might seem like a casual and routine untruth – so casual and routine that it has by now become the white noise of Washington – is in fact a serious lapse in the defense of our country.

    But here, too, Republicans are part of the problem. Members of Congress continue to undermine the investigation. Rep. Devin Nunes (R-Calif.) spread the lie that President Barack Obama “wiretapped” Trump. And House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (R-Wis.) leaves him in his job as Intelligence Committee chairman. Senate Republicans’ questioning of Fusion GPS founder Glenn R. Simpson wasn’t aimed at getting facts but at smearing the witness.

    Liked by 1 person

  7. Like

  8. rikyrah says:

    And, if reading this, you find this ok, well, I have nothing to say to you.
    I despise you and everything you stand for, because you don’t stand for anything good.
    And, no, I’m not going to try and understand you.

    ICE officials arrest Ohio business owner, plan to deport him

    By Andy Long
    Published: January 16, 2018, 9:06 pm

    “Al had voluntarily purchased a plane ticket for January 7, 2018 to depart the United States for Jordan after being told by ICE he was to be deported. In anticipation of his departure, Al has prepared his luggage and started to say goodbyes. On January 4, ICE issued a stay of his deportation, following an outcry from the community and a bipartisan effort from local politicians.

    Less than two weeks later, on January 16, ICE officials changed course and took Al into custody while he was attending a routine meeting. Al was accompanied by his wife, Fidaa Adi, lawyer, friends, Congressman Tim Ryan and Tracey Winbush, vice chairwoman of the Mahoning County Republican Party. Upon arrival, he was taken from his wife’s arms, handcuffed and taken into custody. His wife offered to purchase new plane tickets and depart immediately with her husband, but ICE refused. He was given no warning or opportunity to say goodbye to his wife or daughters.”

    Liked by 1 person

  9. rikyrah says:

    Anyone have an air fryer?

    Do they really work?
    Does the food taste good?

    I got a very good deal on one at Amazon last night, and bought one.


  10. Liked by 1 person

  11. Liked by 1 person

  12. A pure thug!

    Liked by 1 person

  13. Liked by 4 people

  14. rikyrah says:

    The Indypendent
    NYC Immigrant Rights Leader Jean Montrevil was deported to Haiti earlier today. He had lived in NYC for 31 years and has four U.S. born children


    Wendell Pierce@WendellPierce
    The Authoritarian State Is Here. The American Democracy Is Ending. I lived in Brooklyn for decades and was aware of this Haitian immigrant advocate. His deportation was targeted. This is how the Chinese Cultural Revolution began. Purging the State. A Racial Purging of America

    Liked by 1 person

  15. Look y’all! Awe 😍😍😍

    Liked by 2 people

  16. rikyrah says:


    Since their divorce, Murdoch has been telling anybody who would listen that Wendi is a Chinese spy–and had been throughout the marriage.

    — Michael Wolff (@MichaelWolffNYC) January 16, 2018

    Liked by 1 person

  17. Ametia says:

    Thank you, Rikyrah, for the informative post on Georgia Gilmore. She was a true American HERO.


    Montgomery, Ala. She testified: “When you pay your fare and they count the money, they don’t know the Negro money from white money.”

    Liked by 3 people

  18. rikyrah says:

    Happy Birthday Forever FLOTUS 😍😍👏🌹🍧🎂🍸🎆🎈🎉🎁

    Liked by 4 people

  19. Ametia says:

    Jeff Flake’s a big FLAKE. You wait to retire from senate to speak out on #45’s attacks on free press? PLEASE

    Liked by 1 person

  20. rikyrah says:

    Cory Booker on Sec. Nielsen: “She was not telling the truth. She was an American citizen under oath before a Senate Committee and she pretended like she didn’t remember… It was so offensive to me that she lied under oath.” (via CBS)

    — Kyle Griffin (@kylegriffin1) January 17, 2018

    Liked by 2 people

    • Ametia says:

      Sec Nielsen is a BIG FAT LIAR.


      Liked by 1 person

    • Tyren M says:

      Good morning 3Chics,
      I think I’ll like Cory on Judiciary Committee. Someone needs to tell it like it is.

      At MLK Breakfast I asked Sen. Amy Klobuchar how you’ll allow AG White Citizens Council to lie in your face and not say a word but if I do it I’m under the Federal Building? I got no reply just a shrug and a nod.

      Liked by 1 person

  21. My God! He’s seriously disturbed.

    Liked by 2 people

  22. rikyrah says:

    How Michael Wolff Got Into the White House for His Tell-All Book
    January 17, 2018 at 7:24 am EST

    Author Michael Wolff’s pitch to the White House to win cooperation for his book included a working title that signaled a sympathetic view, a counter-narrative to a slew of negative news stories early in Donald Trump’s presidency. He called it The Great Transition: The First 100 Days of the Trump Administration. And in part due to that title, Wolff was able to exploit an inexperienced White House staff who mistakenly believed they could shape the book to the president’s liking.

    Nearly everyone who spoke with Wolff thought someone else in the White House had approved their participation. And it appears that not a single person in a position of authority to halt cooperation with the book — including Trump himself — raised any red flags, despite Wolff’s well documented history.

    Liked by 2 people

  23. rikyrah says:

    Republicans get a ‘wake-up call’ in pro-Trump Wisconsin district
    01/17/18 08:00 AM—UPDATED 01/17/18 08:41 AM
    By Steve Benen

    Democrats fared quite well in special elections in 2017, and as the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported overnight, the party appears to be starting 2018 on the right foot, too.

    Democrats snagged a GOP-leaning state Senate seat in western Wisconsin on Tuesday, buoying progressive hopes that they could ride a wave of victory this fall.

    Patty Schachtner, the chief medical examiner for St. Croix County, will take the seat that had been held for 17 years by former Sen. Sheila Harsdorf (R-River Falls). Harsdorf stepped down in November to take a job as GOP Gov. Scott Walker’s agriculture secretary.

    As a legislative matter, the Democratic candidate’s surprise win has a limited impact: Republicans still control all of the levers of power in the Badger State, including an 18-14 advantage in the state Senate.

    But that doesn’t make yesterday’s upset any less dramatic. This is a gerrymandered district, where voters backed Donald Trump by 17 points – Mitt Romney won here by six points – featuring a GOP candidate who received quite a bit of financial support from the right, including Americans for Prosperity Wisconsin.

    In other words, this is a race Republicans should have won without breaking a sweat – and yet the Dem won easily. Gov. Scott Walker (R) called it a “wake-up call” for his party ahead of the 2018 elections, when he’ll be seeking a third term.

    Liked by 3 people

  24. rikyrah says:

    DHS Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen makes an awkward first impression
    01/17/18 08:40 AM—UPDATED 01/17/18 09:39 AM
    By Steve Benen
    It’s easy to forget just how massive the Department of Homeland Security is. The nation’s newest cabinet agency, created in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, has nearly a quarter of a million employees, tackling a wide variety of tasks: DHS includes everything from FEMA to Customs and Border Protection to the Secret Service.

    It’s therefore important for Americans to have confidence, not only in the department, but in its leadership. With this in mind, yesterday was an important day for Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, who’s only been on the job for a month, and who was confirmed to the important post despite a controversial record stemming from her tenure in the Bush/Cheney administration.
    When Nielsen testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee, it was, for all intents and purposes, the public’s first real opportunity to meet the new head of this important cabinet agency.

    I don’t think it went especially well. The Washington Post’s Dana Milbank highlighted one of the most memorable moments from the hearing:

    I knew that Homeland Security Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen, when she appeared before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Tuesday, would deny that Trump said what the whole world knows he said: that he wants immigrants from Norway rather than from “shithole” countries in Africa.

    What I was not expecting was that Nielsen would raise a question about whether Norwegians are mostly white.

    Liked by 3 people

  25. rikyrah says:

    Steve Bannon will ‘tell all’ to Robert Mueller: report
    Betsy Woodruff, political reporter for The Daily Beast, talks with Rachel Maddow about breaking news that Steve Bannon will speak freely to special counsel Robert Mueller because the executive privilege that prevented him from speaking to House Intel does not apply to a Mueller grand jury.


  26. rikyrah says:

    Bannon declines to answer House Intel questions despite subpoena
    Michael Schmidt, Washington correspondent for The New York Times, talks with Rachel Maddow about Robert Mueller’s subpoena of Steve Bannon and Bannon’s refusal to honor a second subpoena from the House Intelligence Committee.


  27. Liked by 3 people

  28. rikyrah says:

    What does Mueller’s Bannon subpoena say about the investigation?
    Chuck Rosenberg, former federal prosecutor, talks with Rachel Maddow about what it might mean that special counsel Robert Mueller served Steve Bannon with a subpoena instead of asking him for an informal interview like others in Donald Trump’s inner circle gave.


  29. rikyrah says:

    Robert Mueller, House Intel subpoena Steve Bannon on same day
    Rachel Maddow reports on the subpoenas served to Steve Bannon by Robert Mueller as well as the House Intelligence Committee and the myriad questions raised about his testimony and what investigators hope to learn from him.


  30. Liked by 1 person

  31. rikyrah says:

    Aaron Booth @ActorAaronBooth

    Here is a breakdown of Democrats’ over performance tonight in all 4 contested special elections:

    SC #HD99: D+13.08%
    WI #AD58: D+24.90%
    WI #SD10: D+27.52%
    IA #HD06: D+20.44%

    That is an average Dem over performance tonight of D+21.49%

    That’s… significant.

    228 replies 4,621 retweets 11,669 likes

    Liked by 2 people

  32. rikyrah says:

    Make no mistake about it, when a party holds the White House and majorities in both the House and Senate, they “own” any government shutdown. Things the President has said and done over the last week have only increased the price the GOP has to pay for that ownership.

    — Charlie Cook (@CharlieCookDC) January 16, 2018

    Liked by 2 people

  33. I’ll bet so….

    Liked by 2 people

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  36. rikyrah says:

    Civics 101, Boys and Girls.

    ONE party controls the House of Representatives.
    SAME Party controls the Senate.
    SAME Party controls the White House.



    Freedom Caucus Members Withholding Votes GOP Needs to Pass CR
    “The votes are not currently there to pass it with just Republicans,” Meadows says

    pdated 11:09 p.m. | While a majority of House Republicans appear ready to support a short-term continuing resolution to keep the government open through Feb. 16, enough Freedom Caucus members remain uncommitted to make passage questionable.

    “The votes are not currently there to pass it with just Republicans,” Freedom Caucus Chairman Mark Meadows said before a crucial House GOP conference meeting on the topic Tuesday night.

    After the meeting and a separate Freedom Caucus gathering, the North Carolina Republican said that view had not changed.

    While the 36-member caucus lacked the quorum needed to take an official position on the CR — their rules require 80 percent support — there were enough “no” and “undecided” votes to prevent Republicans from passing it without Democratic support or additional changes, Meadows said. He added that he planned to discuss possible changes with leadership and then continue discussions with his caucus Wednesday.

    Liked by 3 people

    • Ametia says:

      The absurdity of it all.


      And cannot & will not govern or legislate.

      #45 signs all kinds of excec orders, and he holds them up before the camera, smiling like a 4 year old who just colored inside the lines, as if to say, look mommy, isn’t this pretty?

      Liked by 2 people

  37. rikyrah says:

    Uh huh
    Uh huh

    U.S. consumer bureau to reconsider payday lending rule
    Pete Schroeder

    WASHINGTON (Reuters) – The U.S. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau said on Tuesday that it intends to reconsider a recent rule that would significantly curb payday lending.

    The rule, finalized in October under a President Barack Obama appointee and set to begin taking effect this year, would require lenders to determine if borrowers can repay debts and cap the number of loans that lenders could make to a borrower.

    The decision to revisit the rule, which applies to small-dollar advances typically repaid on the borrower’s next payday, could mark the beginning of the most significant policy shifts since the Trump administration took control of the agency at the end of November.

    Mick Mulvaney, the agency’s acting director and President Donald Trump’s budget director, had previously said he supported efforts by the U.S. Congress to undo the rule and was exploring his options for revisiting the rule as it takes effect.

    “The Bureau intends to engage in a rulemaking process so that the Bureau may reconsider the Payday Rule,” the CFPB said in a statement, noting that while the rule officially took effect Tuesday, lenders have until August 2019 to comply with most of its provisions.

    Liked by 1 person

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  40. Like

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  46. rikyrah says:

    Good Morning Everyone 😄😄😄

    Liked by 1 person

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