James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003) was an American politician who served for 48 years as a United States Senator. He ran for president in 1948 as the States Rights Democratic Party (Dixiecrat) candidate, receiving 2.4% of the popular vote and 39 electoral votes. Thurmond represented South Carolina in the United States Senate from 1954 until 2003, at first as a Democrat and, after 1964, as a Republican. He switched because of his opposition to the 1964 Civil Rights Act, disaffection with the liberalism of the national party, and his support for the conservatism and opposition to the Civil Rights bill of the Republican presidential candidate Senator Barry Goldwater. He left office as the only senator to reach the age of 100 while still in office and as the oldest-serving and longest-serving senator in U.S. history (although he was later surpassed in length of service by Robert Byrd and Daniel Inouye). Thurmond holds the record at 14 years as the longest-serving Dean of the United States Senate in U.S. history.
In opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1957, he conducted the longest filibuster ever by a lone senator, at 24 hours and 18 minutes in length, nonstop. In the 1960s, he opposed the civil rights legislation of 1964 and 1965 to end segregation and enforce the voting rights of African-American citizens. He always insisted he had never been a racist, but was opposed to excessive federal authority, and he attributed the movement for integration to Communist agitators. In 1948, Thurmond stated:
all the laws of Washington and all the bayonets of the Army cannot force the Negro into our homes, into our schools, our churches and our places of recreation and amusement.
Starting in the 1970s, he moderated his position on race, but continued to defend his early segregationist campaigns on the basis of states’ rights in the context of Southern society at the time, never fully renouncing his earlier viewpoints.
Six months after Thurmond’s death in 2003, it was revealed that at age 22, he had fathered a mixed-race daughter, Essie Mae Washington-Williams, with his family’s maid, Carrie Butler, a 16-year-old black girl. Although Thurmond never publicly acknowledged Essie Mae, he paid for her education at a historically black college and passed other money to her for some time. His children by his marriage eventually acknowledged her.
So Seantor Ted Cruz thinks we need 100 UNITED STATE SENATOR like Jesse Helms.
Let’s look at Senator Helms, and you decide if you agree with Ted Cruz
Jesse Alexander Helms, Jr. (October 18, 1921 – July 4, 2008) was a five-term Republican United States Senator from North Carolina who served as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1995 to 2001. A leading conservative, he helped organize and fund the conservative resurgence in the 1970s, aiding Ronald Reagan’s quest for the White House and helping many local and regional candidates.
A journalist by training, Helms was the longest-serving popularly elected Senator in North Carolina’s history, and was widely credited with shifting the one-party state dominated by the Democrats into a competitive two-party state. The Helms-controlled National Congressional Club’s state-of-the-art direct mail operation raised millions for Helms and other conservative candidates allowing Helms to outspend his opponents in most of his campaigns.
An unreconstructed Southern conservative, he began his political career in the Democratic Party in the days when many white Southern politicians championed racial segregation. He moved to the Republican party in the 1970s. Helms was the most stridently conservative politician of the post-1960s era, especially in opposition to federal intervention into what he considered state affairs (integration, the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act). Helms tried, with a 16-day filibuster, to stop the Senate from approving a federal holiday to honor Martin Luther King, Jr.
On social issues, Helms was a traditionalist. He was a “master obstructionist” who relished his nickname, “Senator No”. He opposed, at various times, civil rights, disability rights, feminism, gay rights, affirmative action, abortion, and government support for contemporary art with graphic sexuality. Helms brought an “aggressiveness” to his conservatism, as in his rhetoric against homosexuality, and employed racially charged language in his campaigns and editorials. He combined cultural, social and economic conservatism which often helped his legislation win overwhelming support. The Almanac of American Politics once wrote that “no American politician is more controversial, beloved in some quarters and hated in others, than Jesse Helms”.
Views on minorities[edit source]
Helms opposed many progressive policies regarding race, such as busing, the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act. He once referred to the University of North Carolina (UNC) as the “University of Negroes and Communists”. Helms called the Civil Rights Act of 1964 “the single most dangerous piece of legislation ever introduced in the Congress”, and sponsored legislation to either extend it to the entire country or scrap it altogether. Helms reminded voters that he tried, with a 16-day filibuster, to stop the Senate from approving a federal holiday to honor Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., although he had fewer reservations about establishing a North Carolina state holiday for King. He has been accused of being a segregationist by some political observers and scholars, such as USA Today’s DeWayne Wickham who wrote that Helms “subtly carried the torch of white supremacy” from Ben Tillman.
In 1996 the Department of Justice admonished Helms’s 1990 campaign for mailing 125,000 postcards to households in predominantly African-American precincts warning them (incorrectly) that they could go to jail if they had not updated their addresses on the electoral register since moving. Helms opposed “every piece of civil rights and affirmative action legislation” and blocked “black judges from being considered for the federal bench”. In 1982, he voted against the extension of the Voting Rights Act. Helms opposed busing, supported the “racist apartheid regime of South Africa”, and “for years blocked attempts by President Bill Clinton to appoint a Black judge on the Fourth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals”. Only when Helms’s own judicial choices were threatened with blocking did attorney Roger Gregory of Richmond, Virginia get confirmed. Helms also tried to block the nomination of Carol Moseley Braun, the first African-American female senator, as ambassador to New Zealand.
And who could ever forget this Helms campaign ” WHITE HANDS” ad.
Alex Castellanos, a CNN contributor produced this ad. And he was an advisor to John 2012 McCain’s campain.
What say you; do we need 100 more SEGREGATIONIST, WHITE SUPREMACIST, CONFEDERACY IDEOLOGY in the United States Senate, in the 21st century?
MEMO to you, Ted Cruz: If jesse Helms were still alive and serving the US Senate, he’d step on the elevator with you and sing “Dixie” too. Have you looked in the mirror lately?
And what does it say about the fact that Ted Cruz actually got elected to serve our country in the United States Senate spewing this kind of race-based HATRED?
THE SOUTH WILL NOT RISE AGAIN!